Ce livre insiste dans une première partie sur la méthodologie et les critères de réussite pour ces deux concours : repérer les mots clefs, reformuler, rédiger de manière argumentée, savoir traduire… Il propose ensuite un sujet d’annales corrigé (« Being green pays off ») qui permet aux élèves / étudiants de bien comprendre les attentes des correcteurs et donc d’éviter certaines fautes ou maladresses récurrentes.
The present perfect is used to talk about a situation resulting from something that happened at an unspecified time in the past. Therefore there is no need to use specific time expression such as yesterday, last week, etc. I have given your article about child labor to the publishing house. (I gave them your article, so they have it now.) The present perfect is often used with the word just to talk about very recent actions. The exact time is not mentioned. They cannot meet Ms Bennett. She has just left. »
This difficulty is especially evident in some complex sentences: there is a difference between the time expressed in an independent clause and the time expressed in a dependent clause. Another difficulty occurs with the use of infinitives, participles and modals also conveying a sense of time. Let’s hope that the tables below will help writers sort out sequences of verb tenses. »
Why do some people live to be older than others? You know the standard explanations: keeping an abstemious diet; engaging in regular exercise; and, if you’re an unusual Frenchwoman, smoking cigarettes until you are 117 years old. But what effect does your personality have on your longevity? Do some kinds of temperaments lead to longer lives? A new study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society looked at this question by examining the personality traits of 246 children of people who had lived to be at least 100. (The study chose the offspring of centenarians because they are easier to follow over time than the very aged since they don’t die as often before follow-up interviews can be conducted. Also, children of those who live to 100 are themselves likelier to live longer.) »
We use the to refer to nouns that have already been mentioned or when it is obvious what particular thing is being referred to. I bought a car last month. I thought it was a good deal, but the car is already causing me trouble. She told me about a boy she works with. The boy is not very friendly. Therefore the refers to people or things that are definite, specific or unique:… »
A preposition describes a relationship between other words in a sentence. Consider the professor’s desk and all the prepositional phrases we can use while talking about it. You can sit before the desk (or in front of the desk). The professor can sit on the desk (when he’s being informal) or behind the desk, and then his feet are under the desk or beneath the desk. He can stand beside the desk (meaning next to the desk), before the desk, between the desk and you, or even on the desk (if he’s really strange)… »