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Archive for the ‘Terminales’ Category

Little House on the Prairie and its contested political legacy

Friday, December 8th, 2017

With her books, Laura Ingalls Wilder forged a myth of the American pioneer.

more about it here

‘The Silence Breakers’ Named Time’s Person of the Year for 2017

Friday, December 8th, 2017

First it was a story. Then a moment. Now, two months after women began to come forward in droves to accuse powerful men of sexual harassment and assault, it is a movement.

Time magazine has named “the silence breakers” its person of the year for 2017, referring to those women, and the global conversation they have started.

The magazine’s editor in chief, Edward Felsenthal, said in an interview on the “Today” show on Wednesday that the #MeToo movement represented the “fastest-moving social change we’ve seen in decades, and it began with individual acts of courage by women and some men too.”

Investigations published in October by The New York Times and The New Yorker, both of them detailing multiple allegations of sexual harassment and assault against the movie producer Harvey Weinstein, sparked the sudden rush of women coming forward.

In a joint interview after the choice was announced, Tarana Burke, who created the Me Too mantra years ago, and the actress Alyssa Milano, who helped promote it more recently, focused on what was still left to do.

“I’ve been saying from the beginning that it’s not just a moment, it’s a movement,” Ms. Burke said. “I think now the work really begins. The hashtag is a declaration. But now we’re poised to really stand up and do the work.”

Ms. Milano agreed, laying out her aspirations for the movement.

“I want companies to take on a code of conduct, I want companies to hire more women, I want to teach our children better,” she said. “These are all things that we have to set in motion, and as women we have to support each other and stand together and say that’s it, we’re done, no more.”

It is a testament to the size of the movement that the set of “Today” itself, where the announcement was made, had recently been the site of such a reckoning. Matt Lauer, one of NBC’s most well-known personalities for decades, was fired only last week after an allegation of sexual harassment from a subordinate. Other complaints soon followed.

And of course, Time’s 2017 runner-up for person of the year, Donald J. Trump, was accused during his presidential campaign by more than 10 women of sexual misconduct, from unwanted touching to sexual assault.

Tarana Burke, the woman who realized the power of the simple words “Me Too,” marched with others in Los Angeles in November. Credit Lucy Nicholson/Reuters

Those accusations did not stop Mr. Trump from being named person of the year in 2016. And Mr. Trump inadvertently promoted this year’s announcement, tweeting that he had been told he would “probably” be chosen again and claiming to have turned down the honor. Time quickly released a statement saying that the president was incorrect.

Time has been using the title for more than nine decades to drum up interest in one of its tentpole issues. The magazine chose its first group, as opposed to a single “man of the year” (and back then it was a man), in 1950, when it selected “the American Fighting-man.” The title was changed to the neutral “person of the year” in 1999.

Other groups have included “Americans under 25” in 1966, “The Whistleblowers” in 2002 and, memorably, “You” in 2006.

In 1975, the magazine chose “American women,” profiling a dozen who it said “symbolized the new consciousness of women generally.” It would be a decade before Time selected another woman.

TIME Person of the Year 2017: The Silence Breakers

Friday, December 8th, 2017
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Gallery

Monday, December 4th, 2017

http://nico-gomez.com/index.php

Brexit and Northern Ireland

Sunday, December 3rd, 2017

Brexit Countdown: Why is the Northern Ireland border question so hard?

The international border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland is about 310 miles long with, depending on how many tracks you include, as many as 275 crossing points.

In reality, the entire border is a crossing point because, apart from road signs changing from miles per hour to kilometres per hour, there is no physical infrastructure to see.

The concern is that all that could change when the UK leaves the European Union, and Ireland stays as an EU member state.

Why can’t there be a hard border?

Irish border sign

Part of the concern is political. The 1998 Good Friday Agreement, the basic building block of peace in Northern Ireland, removed security checkpoints from the border and helped make it all but invisible. Customs checks could undermine much of that progress.

Like many peace deals, the Good Friday Agreement is a masterpiece of creative ambiguity, allowing different people to take different things from different parts of the text.

Shared membership of the European Union made that much easier to achieve. Ireland wants a clear written commitment that the agreement will be respected in all its parts.

The other concern of course is economic. The economies of Northern Ireland and the Republic are completely interconnected. Huge amounts of goods and services cross the border every day without checks of any kind.

Brexit negotiators are currently looking through more than 140 areas of north-south co-operation, involving everything from the single electricity market to environmental protection.

It is also estimated that at least 30,000 people cross the border every day for work. The movement of people is governed by the Common Travel Area between the UK and Ireland, which predates the EU.

Both sides are determined that the Common Travel Area will remain in place, but that in itself doesn’t resolve the challenge of a hard border re-emerging.

So if no-one thinks a hard border is a good idea, why can’t everyone agree now that it won’t be re-imposed?

Because the UK has announced that it is leaving the EU single market and the customs union. That immediately turns the internal border in Ireland into an external border for the single market and the customs union – with all the potential checks that implies.

At the moment, all rules and regulations, north and south, are exactly the same – on food safety, on animal welfare… you name it.

Again, it’s a relationship based in large part on agreements covered by joint membership of the EU. As soon as that changes, border checks may have to begin again.

That’s why the Irish government wants a written guarantee from the UK that Northern Ireland will continue to follow EU rules – so goods can continue to move freely across the border.

“It seems essential to us,” said the Irish Foreign Minister Simon Coveney earlier this month, “that there is no emergence of regulatory divergence from the rules of the internal market or the customs unions which are necessary for meaningful north-south co-operation, or an all-Ireland economy that is consistent with the Good Friday Agreement.”

In other words, both Ireland and the rest of the EU are suggesting that Northern Ireland should stay within the customs union and the single market.

But there would have to be checks somewhere between the EU and the UK, wouldn’t there?

Yes. It would – in effect – push the customs border out into the Irish Sea… an internal customs border, if you like, between Northern Ireland and Great Britain.

Would that be acceptable to the UK government, or to its Unionist political allies in Northern Ireland, the DUP? In a word, no.

“We respect the European Union desire to protect the legal order of the single market and customs union,” the UK’s Brexit Secretary David Davis said in Brussels recently.

“But that cannot come at a cost to the constitutional and economic integrity of the United Kingdom.”

Couldn’t the UK simply declare the border open on a unilateral basis, and impose no checks or tariffs at all?

If it did that then, under World Trade Organization rules, it would have to do the same for the rest of the world. The UK economy would be swamped with cheap imports.

The EU would impose checks anyway which might allow the UK government to shift the blame on to Brussels. But that would be a pretty futile gesture.

So is there a solution?

Irish border

If it was easy, it would already have been done.

The EU argues that the UK’s red lines on Ireland – no border on the one hand, and UK exit from the single market and the customs union on the other – are fundamentally incompatible.

The British government has spoken of technological fixes such as pre-screening of goods, and trusted trader schemes.

The EU says such things could speed up border transit, but it would be nowhere near enough to avoid the return of some border checks.

Alternatively, Irish officials argue that there are already cases of rules and regulations being different in Northern Ireland than in the rest of the UK, and they point to other examples such as Hong Kong in China where there are different regulatory arrangements within sovereign states.

Intense negotiations are taking place to try to come up with a solution that would ensure a) no divergence of regulations in key areas; and b) the creation of some form of customs partnership on the island of Ireland, which doesn’t threaten the constitutional order of the UK.

But if a fix emerges that seems to turn Northern Ireland into a back door route into the single market, then other EU countries will cry foul.

So even if all parties agree in the next two weeks that “sufficient progress” on Ireland has been made, there will be a long way to go before any kind of lasting solution emerges.

documents pour l’oral

Sunday, December 3rd, 2017

BAC Bullying 636 final

BAC Health Care 632 final

BAC Why do people take drugs

Who is Angela Davis

How to lose weight

World Day Against Child Labour Plight of child domestic workers

World day against child labour – fiche d’accompagnement

Hilary Clinton talks about her memoir- fiche d’accompagnement

 

compréhension orale : entraînement

Sunday, December 3rd, 2017

des conseils : http://lewebpedagogique.com/englishblog83/2013/11/27/comment-progresser-en-comprehension-orale/ et de la méthode : http://lewebpedagogique.com/englishblog83/2014/03/14/methode-de-comprehension-orale/

des sites : http://lewebpedagogique.com/englishblog83/2013/11/20/entrainement-a-la-comprehension-de-loral/

entraînements : http://lewebpedagogique.com/englishblog83/2015/02/09/entrainement-comprehension-orale/ et http://lewebpedagogique.com/englishblog83/2015/02/09/audio/ et http://lewebpedagogique.com/englishblog83/2014/02/20/audios-entrainement/

des documents supplémentaires : http://lewebpedagogique.com/englishblog83/2015/02/09/17326/ et là http://lewebpedagogique.com/englishblog83/2015/02/09/documents-audio-supplementaires/

 

 

sujet de Bac 2016 LV1 Anglais Liban

Friday, June 10th, 2016

ici

dernière ligne droite pour l’orientation pour les Terminales

Sunday, March 20th, 2016

lien ici pour des conseils !

entrainement TOEIC

Saturday, February 27th, 2016

Quelques sites pour vous aider avec des examens blancs

http://www.etsglobal.org/Global/Eng/Tests-Preparation/The-TOEIC-Tests/TOEIC-Sample-Tests/TOEIC-Listening-and-Reading-Sample-test

https://www.4tests.com/toeic

http://www.examenglish.com/TOEIC/toeic_listening_and_reading.htm

http://www.testden.com/challenge/free-toeic.asp#

http://www.english-test.net/toeic/

http://www.english-test.net/toeic/

http://mba-center.net/index.php/en/elearning/practice-test

https://global-exam.com/fr/toeic-test-gratuit

http://www.marketing-etudiant.fr/tests-anglais/toeic/