Hell without electricity / L’enfer sans electricité

You are watching Secret Story,  one of your favorite shows, you are on the edge of your seat to see what is going to happen between Anaïs and Darko and all of a sudden… POP ! The electricity cuts off ! Why, oh Why ???

To begin with, you must know that in Guinea, electricity is mostly produced by big generators and by the Kaleta hydroelectric plant. Kaleta pumps out 300,000 volts. During the rainy season Kaleta can produce up to 240 megawatts but during the dry season Kaleta can only produce 160 megawatts at its maximum capacity. So Kaleta produces less energy during the dry season.

The 3 generators of Kaleta / Hall des générateurs à Kaleta

Moreover, since 2015, (when Kaleta was completed), the energy consumption in Guinea has doubled. To provide extra energy to the capital, especially during the dry season, the Guinean Government has to use huge fuel generators. They emit a lot of pollution into the environment. Man-produced C02 is causing global warming, it is now known with high certainty and it has been confirmed by observations. More shockingly, those who contribute the least to greenhouse gases emissions, developing countries like Guinea, will be most impacted by climate change. So it is important to adopt clean sources of energy in Guinea. In addition, to fuel these big generators you need gas, the price of a liter of gas is 8921,76 GNF, approximately  90 cents. It is very costly for the government.

There are also serious problems of energy distribution in Guinea. The energy produced in Kaleta needs to be carried and distributed to Conakry…

Powerlines at Kaleta /Lignes à haute tension à Kaleta

In Guinea the electricity distribution causes a serious problem to the population because the materials are old and most of all the powerlines are much older compared to the ones you can see at Kaleta.

Yet progress is being made, because Guinea will soon have too much energy when the dam of Souapiti is operational in 2020.

A view of Souapiti, near Kaleta / vue de Souapiti, près de Kaleta

Guinea will then have the opportunity to export electricity to neighboring countries with wires. Electricity allows a strong economic development because it allows the industries to be able to settle inside the country thanks to the energy to develop their activities at prices much cheaper than if we use generators.

Guinea has 23 watersheds and 14 are shared with neighboring  countries. Most of the great rivers take their source on Guinean soil. The construction of the dams allows  countries to control the flow of water. An electric power station is an industrial site intended for the production of electricity. The electric power station by means of the electricity network, is ensured there by the conversation in electrical energy of primary energy, a primary energy which can be mechanical(force of wind, force of the water of the tidal rivers).

Soon Guinea will be an electric heaven!

Abstract / Résumé

En Guinée l’électricité est principalement produite par de grands générateurs et par la centrale hydraulique Kaleta.

Le barrage de Kaleta  distribue de l’électricité en Guinée. On peut dire que le barrage est un élément important pour le pays. Il est utile pour le pays mais malheureusement c’est  insuffisant pour alimenter tout le pays tant que le barrage de Souapiti ne sera pas achevé.

Written by / écrit par:

Sofia Rose, Kadiatou, Nagham, Matour

Photos: Christine Soumah