HOW TO COMMENT ON A DOCUMENT

• Introduce the document
Kind of document
This document is a. . .
an extract from a novel, a play, a short story, an article from a newspaper, a magazine
a photograph, an advertisement (advert/ad), a painting, a drawing, a cartoon, a chart, a map

Origin
It was written by
It comes from…
It was published in…
It is an advertisement for
It was drawn , painted by , taken by , made by

Author
A writer, author,  journalist, playwright
a painter, a photographer,  a cartoonist,  an advertiser

Date
It dates from…
In 2004, in February 2004, on 22nd February 2002

• Describe the document
Who? Where? When? What?
A character (a personage!)
The scene takes place in, the scene is set in
The text deals with, relates the story, the adventures of, informs the reader about, the main topic is…
We are shown, the cartoon pictures, represents, deals with…
It consists of, It is composed of , It is made up of…
There is a caption , a title , a text , a bubble , slogan
The document can be divided into x  parts (the first part goes from line x to line x, then…)

Locate elements in the picture
Behind , in front of , on the right , on the left , above , under
In the foreground , middle , middleground , background
In the top , bottom of the…
In the top , bottom right , left hand corner
In the picture

Describe the elements of the picture
small , short , tiny , thin , narrow...
big , tall , enormous , large , huge…
incongruous , striking , amazing , outstanding , disturbing , obvious…

What catches the eye is…
We are immediately struck by, taken aback by…
The … is standing out

Make references to the text
The narrator says "…", line x
To make a quotation, to quote the text/somebody

• Analyse and give your point of view
What the cartoonist means , suggests is that…
To assert, to claim, to highlight, to underline, to emphasize, to imply that, point out that, to stress, illustrates…

The aim of the writer is to…. , the cartoonist aims at +Ving
To denounce , to warn people against , to prevent people from +Ving
To talk sb into +Ving

I suppose , I think , believe that…
We can infer , conclude , assume that…
In my opinion. . . , to my mind , for me…
I find it funny , strange , convincing , beautiful , bewildering , striking , amusing…
It reminds me of… , It looks like… , It perfectly illustrates…
The tone , atmosphere is optimistic, pessimistic, gloomy, weird, spooky, joyful, humorous, ironical
The article is biased, neutral


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