Devoir de synthèse sur Margaret Thatcher : correction

GRAMMAIRE

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In a burst of courage, Thatcher declared war to the Argentine generals which allows her to regain popularity.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

ð, which made her approval ratings soar up

It was a big step in the world of politics and I think that it is the firts point who can explain Thatcher’s success

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

ð It was a major step / a pivotal moment in politics and, I think, the first thing which can account for Thatcher’s success

Thatcher was confronted to a lot of difficulties during her three terms, that it show, today, the ambiguity between Thatcher’s success and Thatcher’s personnality.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

ð Because she was confronted to a lot of difficulties, she was deemed successful but many people resented her personality.

Her politics was influenced by a lot of values like « work » and « self-help » who were the watchwords of her government.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

ð Her policy was influenced by values like work or self-help which were cornerstones of her administration / government.

A brave, strong and deserving woman from the middle-class who saved Britain from crisis

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

ð A brave, strong, middle-class woman …

Dominic Sandbrook, writing about Thatcher’s abilities to know what British people needs and waiting for, doesn’t talk much about the context, which has it role in the success of the first woman premier.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

ð what British people need and expected … the context, which played a role in …the first female prime minister

She had a strong personality that played an important role in her success.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

ð , which…

Margaret Thatcher played to perfection his role as head of the army, she was successful as imposing and charismatic central figure in this conflict which the issue was in reality minimal.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

ð M.T. played her role as head of the army to perfection;she was successful and impressive, being a central and charismatic figure is a conflict the issue of which was hardly significant.

The most significant conflict between the new power and the Trade Union is the long UK miners’ strike of 1984-1985 where Thatcher came out victorious.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

ð trade-unions … out of which MT came victorious.

 

Exercice 1: pronoms relatifs

La raison pour laquelle elle fut réélue est claire.

The reason why she was elected is clear.

Les syndicats avec qui elle avait refusé un accord votèrent contre elle.

The unions whith which she had refused to signed an agreement / she had refused to sign an agreement with, voted against her.

La fin des années 70 fut la période durant laquelle sa cote de popularité fut au plus bas.

The late 70s was the period during which her approval ratings were the lowest.

Elle consulta trois ministres dont un démissionna ensuite.

She sought the advice of three ministers, one of whom subsequently resigned.

Le rapport dont elle s’inspira était très libéral.

The report from which she drew her inspiration / the report she drew her inspiration from was outrightly liberal.

Le ministre avec qui elle travailla et en qui elle avait confiance ne la trahit jamais.

The minister with whom she worked / the minister she worked with and whom she trusted never betrayed her.

L’expérience dont elle tira le plus de leçons fut celle des grèves de la faim.

The experience that proved the most useful was the Hunger Strikes.

 

The Labour party doesn’t find a solution to inflation.

ð the labour party found no solution…………………………….

Margaret Thatcher isn’t often seen as an open minded person in France, yet she was very popular in England and elected three times between 1979 and 1990. In 1982 her situation was hard and her popularity decreased. But her term is the longest since the 18ts century.

ð Ever since the 18th century no other Prime Minister had reigned for such a long time.………………………………………………………………………….

It is in this context that Margaret Thatcher was elected Prime Minister. She will begin a major transformation of English society,

ð She would (future dans la passé) untertake (entreprendre a deep / profound transformation of ………………………………………………………………………………………………

Besides, by wanting to reform the tax regime of local authorities – popular by majority- with the establishment of a local tax (poll tax) identical for everyone Margaret Thatcher goes too far.

ð Her determination / eagerness to reform … by implementing a single local tax regardless of income was / proved a step too far. ……………………………………………………………

But especially, the “winter of discontent” in 1979 was a key event. At this time the country has experienced major strikes, and moments of disorder.

ð The Winter of Discontent was a particularly crucial / pivotal moment. At that time, the country had experienced / been through……………………………………………………

The may 3 1979, Margaret Thatcher became the first woman to head the government not only English but also the first woman to head a western government. Although a beginner, she remains convinced of her principles starting her term.

ð On May 3 1979 MT became the first woman to head not only a British but a Western government. Also a beginner, she remained faithful to her principles throughout her terms.  …………………………………………………………………………………………………

This is the first time that a woman runs a government.

ð This was the first time a woman had run …………………………………

We can wonder if Thatcher’s success would be the same if it would be taken out of context.

ð We can wonder if, had the context been different, Thatcher would have been as successful.

She came to power in a country in a situation of instability and has recovered the economy with radical liberal reforms.

ð in a country in the grips of instability / in an unstable country and strove to boost / kickstart the British economy with a dose of liberal reforms.…………………………………………………………………………………………

First, she has been elected in 1979 in a context of increase of racial tension

ð She had initially been elected against a backdrop of increased / heightened racial tensions………………………………………………………………………………………

She received a lot of advises

ð She received much advice –indénombrable)…………………………………………

In fact, in 1979, the elections was more a reaction against Labours and not a real aprouvement about the Thatcher’s politic.

ð the elections were more an opposition to Labour than an approval / endorsement of Thatcher’s POLICY……………………………………………………………………………

The disorganization of the Labour is the main reason to Thatcherism success.

ð Labour’s poor organisation was the main reason for the success of Thatcherism……………………………………………………………………………………

It’s was finally a bad politic strategy because of the « Winter of discontent » which decrease the Labour popularity.

ð It proved a wrong political strategy / ption / decision for the Winter of Discontent had made Labour’s popularity nosedive / plummet / collapse………………………………………

After a unrests’s period, in 1979, Margaret Thatcher was named prime minister, in order to save the country.

ð After a period of unrest………………………………………………………………………

Indeed, the social’s atmosphere was played an important role who shown the differents actions of Thatcher in the field of labour, for example

ð The social atmosphere played a key role / a significant role, as Thatcher intervened / interfered with many industrial conflicts.………………………………………

Even if the fight was hard, it was Margaret Thatcher who won its : trade unions lost influence, and United Kingdom’s economy could rise again.

ðHowever hard the fight was, Thatcher came out with flying colours; the unions lost their political clout and the British economy recovered………………………………………

Nevertheless, in spite of the rescue of country by the prime minister, Thatcher didn’t have a great popularity because British people must do efforts and sacrifices to respect the austerity imposed by the Thatcher’s government.

ð the prime minister’s rescue of the country, T’s popularity remained historically low … imposed upon them by the Thatcher government……………………………………

Her skills permitted to end a long period of nationalism decline.

ð Her skills put an ened to the long decline of nationalism……………………………………

It coincided with the Labour’s divisions and their left-wing policies.

ð with divisions within the Labour Party and disagreements over left-wing policies……………

Thatcher resigned from the Conservative party’s head

ð the head of the Conservative Party……………………………………………………

She marked the British politics life during his mandate

ð her term …………………………………………………………………………

To conclude, we can say that Margaret Thatcher success was due both to her own abilities and external factors without she maybe would never access to the highest political function.

ð M. T.’s success … without which she may never have had access to ………

As shown the Falkand’s video, Thatcher faced a military challenge during her first term

ð As was shown in the video on the Falklands, ………………………………………

 

 

Exercice 2: cas possessif / structure en of / nom composes

Traduisez les groupes de mots puis les phrases suivantes :

Les ministres de Thatcher / les décisions de Thatcher / les origines sociales de Thatcher / la victoire écrasante de Thatcher / le refus de céder qu’à montré Thatcher / le calendrier des réformes / l’abrogation de la loi / le futur succès du parti travailliste / l’attitude des électeurs conservateurs / l’échec des politiques de relance par le revenu / les années Thatcher / des suppressions de postes / des dépenses de santé publique /  le gouvernement Thatcher / le QG Londonnien du parti travailliste / le renflouement du FMI / Le scandale du Belgrano / l’autorité de Leach

ð Le règne de Thatcher a vu des suppressions d’emplois publics massives, une lutte sans merci contre l’inflation, une période d’agitation sociale et d’émeutes raciales violentes.

ð Thatcher’s reign witnessed / saw massive public job cuts, a merciless fight against inflation, as well as a wave of social unrest and violent race riots.

ð L’économie de la Grande Bretagne fut sapée par la baisse du pouvoir d’achat des ménages de la classe moyenne.

ð The British economy was undermined by a fall in middle-class purchasing power.

ð La guerre des Malouines et la victoire des troupes britanniques augmentèrent l’autorité de Thatcher et son charisme de « Dame de Fer ».

ð The Falkland war and the victory of the British troops increased Thatcher’s authority and her Iron-Lady charisma.

During her second term, Thatcher faced to social conflict and crisis like shown the document of the Hunger strikes.

ð had to face social conflicts … as the document on the Hunger strikes shows…………………………………………………………………

Without this delay, the Winter of Discontent would took place after, and maybe the Conservative would not be elected.

ð would have taken place later / wouldn’t have been elected…………………………………

With her ability to be able to organize a strike and paralyze the country, trade unionism is the first English critic of Thatcherist policy too liberal.

ð its / critic of Thatcher’s much too liberal policy in England……………………………………………………………………

This earned her the differences within his own party and causes tensions that public can see.

ð

This earned Thatcher (her) oppositions within her own party and caused tensions that the public could perceive…………………………………………………………

Today, a lot of studies are make about this personality to understand how she was changed the politic’s world in Britain but also in the world because Thatcher is, that can be called, a model both by her speech, her presence of mind and her reforms.

ð are made / conducted on her personality to figure out / understand how she changed the face of Britain’s political world .., what may be called a model, on account of her …………………………………………………………………………………………

At the question to know if her success was due to external factors or to her own uncommon abilities, I think that it’s a mixture of the two.

ð Was her success due to …? Probably a mixture of the two.…………………………………………………………………………………………

We can question ourself to know if Margaret Thatcher was reelected in favor of her policy, or if events of this period allowed to her to keep her office.

ð We can wonder whether … thanks to her policy ……………………………

The second half of the 20th century in United Kingdom was very charged in events.

she was reelected twice times

ð was an eventful period ………twice………………………………

Before criticize, we must recognize the qualifications of Thatcher : she became the first woman prime minister, in a politic world dominated by men for many centuries.

ð Before criticizing, we must acknowledge Thatcher’s qualities … female PM, in a political world which had been dominated ……………………………………………

She was considered as the most severe prime minister than the United Kingdom had had.

She fought with trade unions : on this time, trade unions had a true power : they could make endless strikes in many sectors of activities : steel industry, ferries, etc…

ð the most severe PM the UK had ever had… at that time the trade unions …; they could call …-ie. The steel industry……………………………………………………………

she was applauded like she was the Queen herself.

ð as if she was the Queen…………………………………………………………………

this remarkable politician woman

ð female politician…………………………………………………………………………

that this policy, which was a small revolution led by Margaret Thatcher, as seen at this time as the solution to the problems for industrialized old European powers face increasing global competition.

ð this revolutionary policy, spearheaded by MT and considered at that time to be the solution to the problems Western industrialized countries had to face, increased international competition………………………………………………………………………………………

To do this, we will see this involvement in each of her mandates to expand our response.

ð terms and develop our answer to the question………………………………

She also chooses to reduce taxes on income, deemed too high, and increasing the VAT (value-added-tax).

ð chose to reduce admittedly excessive taxes, and to increase…………………

When the Falklands war comes, Margaret Thatcher sees a way to restore her reputation through a policy of deploying the whole British force ( enormous means for the army, the decision to never back .. etc).

ð came / burst out  / saw / and deployed / step back……………………………………

Margaret Thatcher had a conservative point of view and did uncompromising politics. But it was her way of thinking and she did everything believing in her ideas.

ð implemented / policy / she enforced her policy with much determination………………………………………………………………………

At the end of the 1970s, the policies of both Labour and Tory governments had failed, it was evidence.

ð no one could deny that…………………………………………………………………

This policy called ‘ stop and go’ created incertainty and slowed down the investments, the research and the development of the enterprises.

ð created / bred / triggered much uncertainty and curbed investments, … industrial development………………………………………………………………………

Regarding those criterions it is interesting to focus on the fact of M.T.’s election three times in a row. Does her success concern external or personal factors?

ð criteria / on MT’s three elections in a row . Was her success due to …………

Her campaign was based on Britain’s decline and on the crawling socialism ruled by the powerful trade unions which established a mentality of assistantship within the population.

ð rampant socialism promoted by …  which instaured, according to some, a logic of assistance…………………………………………………………………………………

This strike which lasted for a year without affecting other activities of the country had as a direct stake the question of the closure of coal mines in deficit which put a curb on the return of a sound economy.

ð , the stake of this strike ,which … was the closure of unprofitable mines which hampered the return to a sound economy………………………………………………………

Margaret Thatcher is a woman of British state. It is the first and only woman to manage the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990, and also the first woman Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990.

ð a British state woman / head of state. She was / female PM in the UK……

Her first decision inside the territory was to cut public spend for social care, school, and privatisation.

ð public spendings / expenditures…………………………………………………

Margaret Thatcher managed a policy ultraliberal

ð led an ultra-liberal policy ……………………………………………………

During this second turn, the unemployment rate started to decrease, as the inflation

ð During her second term … like the inflation rate………………

Two others articles

ð other articles……………………………………………………

The way Thatcher handled domestic affairs didn’t contributed to glorify her popularity ; but she passed threw many crises and strikes, without leaving her position

ð contribute to consolidating … went through ……………………………………

He explains the fact that the Labour delayed the elections had an impact on the results.

ð that Labour’s delaying the elections impacted the results / the outcome…………………

 

 

VOCABULAIRE

Fight one’s way to the top

Bear the grunt for

Circumstances

The reason for

Make wrong/ sound decisions

Search / seek

Disapproval

Approve OF

Failure

Be appointed PM

Contribute to making

Compare something to / with

Criterion / criteria

Approval rating