Black people are awarded American citizenship but Southern extremists set up the Ku Klux Klan, a group of white racists.
Black people are given the right to vote.
The Civil Rights Bill condemns segregation in public places. However, in the South Jim Crow laws reinforce segregation.
Racial discrimination in schools is declared illegal.
Martin Luther King, a black Baptist minister, creates the nonviolent Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
President Eisenhower sends paratroopers to Little Rock (Arkansas) to impose integration of black children in local schools.
At the Lincoln Memorial, Martin Luther King gives his famous “I have a dream” speech to the crowd of 200,000 demonstrators.
Martin Luther King is assassinated in Memphis, Tennesse, on April 4