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Les formes verbales après un auxiliaire

On ne peut pas mettre un verbe à n’importe quelle forme après un auxiliaire. La forme du verbe dépend du type d’auxiliaire derrière lequel elle est placée. Voici une liste des différents auxiliaires en anglais et des formes verbales qui leur sont associées:

BE (am / is / are / was / were) est suivi d’un verbe + ing à la forme active (quand le sujet effectue l’action): I am going to the cinema. He was listening to music.

Au passif, l’auxiliaire « be » prend le temps voulu (présent, futur, passé) et est suivi du participe passé: The work will be finished soon. The thief was arrested yesterday.

HAVE (has / had) est suivi d’un verbe au participe passé (3ème colonne des verbes irréguliers ou verbe régulier + ed): I have seen this film. She had met him before.

DO (does / did) est suivi de la base verbale (= infinitif sans to). Does he like the book? Did you go to London?

– les MODAUX (must, can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should) sont suivi de la base verbale. I must go now. You should come and see.

Exercice:

Mettez les verbes entre parenthèses à la forme qui convient:

1- He might (feel) better now.

2- She doesn’t (tell) the truth.

3- Can you (show) him the way please?

4- He didn’ t (come) to the party yesterday.

5- – This toy was (make)  in China.

6- You mustn’t (speak)  too loud!

7- She isn’t (listen) to you.

8- They shouldn’t (arrive) late.

9- She has (see)  your brother in town.

10- They were (laugh)  at us.

11- You could (help)  me!

12- They hadn’t (meet) her before.

13- Do they (like) this type of food?

14- This article was (publish)  in 2010.

15- He would (watch) the film if he had time.

Corrigé:

1- He might feel better now.

2- She doesn’t tell the truth.

3- Can you show him the way please?

4- He didn’ t come to the party yesterday.

5- – This toy was made  in China. (passif)

6- You mustn’t speak too loud!

7- She isn’t listening to you. (actif)

8- They shouldn’t arrive late.

9- She has seen your brother in town.

10- They were laughing  at us.

11- You could help  me!

12- They hadn’t met her before.

13- Do they like this type of food?

14- This article was published  in 2010. (passif)

15- He would watch the film if he had time.

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