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Soutien: auxiliaires et formes verbales

Les différents auxiliaires et les formes verbales qui leur sont associées:

 

A l’actif, ‘be’ est toujours suivi d‘un verbe + ing.

Au passif, il est suivi du participe passé (verbes réguliers + ed ou 3ème colonne des verbes irréguliers)

‘Have’ est toujours suivi du participe passé

‘Do/does/did’ sont suivis de la base verbale (= l’infinitif sans ‘to’)

Les modaux ( must, can, could, may, might , shall, should, will,would ) sont suivis de la base verbale.

 

Exercice:

Mettez les verbes entre parenthèses à la forme qui convient (base verbale, verbe + ing ou participe passé)
1-    I will (go)________ and (see) ________ him tomorrow.
2-    Have you (meet) ________ John?
3-    Were you (sleep) ________?
4-    I wouldn’t (do) ________ that!
5-    May I (make) ________ a suggestion?
6-    America was (discover) ________ by Christopher Columbus.
7-    Did you (speak) ________ to her?
8-    Can you (walk) ________  on your hands?
9-    We are (leave) ________ for Mexico.
10-    He has (break) ________ a leg.
11-    You could (join) ________ us later.
12-    He was just (tell) ________ me a joke.
13-    She might (be) ________ right.
14-    He doesn’t (listen) ________ to you.
15-    The book was (write) ________ by Agatha Christie.
16-    They had (leave) ________ when we arrived.
17-    She must (stop) ________ now.

Correction de l’exercice:

Mettez les verbes entre parenthèses à la forme qui convient (base verbale, verbe + ing ou participe passé)
1-    I will go and see him tomorrow.
2-    Have you met John?
3-    Were you sleeping?

4-    I wouldn’t do that!
5-    May I make a suggestion?
6-    America was discovered by Christopher Columbus. (Attention à la forme passive, le sujet subit l’action)
7-    Did you speak to her?
8-    Can you walk on your hands?
9-    We are leaving for Mexico.
10-    He has broken a leg.
11-    You could join us later.
12-    He was just telling me a joke.
13-    She might be right.
14-    He doesn’t listen to you.
15-    The book was written by Agatha Christie. (passif)
16-    They had left when we arrived.
17-    She must stop now.

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