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Archive for the ‘compréhension écrite’ Category

Soutien: compréhension écrite: Tai-Chi

vendredi, janvier 27th, 2017
Tens of millions of people, both old and young, practice Tai Chi in China and Chinatowns all around the globe. Researchers have found that long term practice of Tai Chi has favourable effects on balance control, flexibility, cardiovascular fitness and also a reduced risk of falls in the elderly. Tai Chi routines are slow and do not involve the use of weights. This makes it especially ideal for the elderly. Studies by the Oregon Research Institute has shown that Tai Chi offers the greatest benefit to older men and women who are healthy but relatively inactive.

Improved cardiovascular and respiratory functions have been found in healthy subjects as well as those who have undergone coronary artery bypass surgery. Those who suffer from heart failure, high blood pressure, heart attacks, arthritis and multiple sclerosis have all benefited from Tai Chi.

A surprising fact about the slow and gentle low impact movements of Tai Chi is that is has been proven to burn more calories than surfing and skiing.

There are a variety of types in Tai Chi. Most of them begin with a series of controlled movements or forms. Some of the types have fanciful names like Grasping the Sparrow’s Tail or Repulse the Monkey. There are many books from which information may be sourced. There are also a growing number of recreational centres, health clubs and residential organisation who conduct Tai Chi sessions each day.Tai Chi is flexible in allowing participants to practice at their own pace. An added benefit is the enlarging of one’s social circle. The lack of urgency in the movements is of special appeal for the elderly. This also means that there is no risk of injuries to life, limb or creaky joints. Intense focus is combined with slow elegant movements that improve agility, strength and balance.

The actual benefit of following a routine of Tai Chi will only be evident after several months of continuous practice. But the enhanced health can translate into a whole new lifestyle. When people start to feel healthier and better, they naturally become more active in their daily life.

One expert in chronic disease prevention opines that a combination of Tai Chi and walking would be a good mix. The most promising fact about Tai Chi is that the practitioners enjoy performing it. This brings the promise of continuity and its long term benefits.

It is indeed easy to tell people to make exercise a part of their daily routine. What is difficult is telling them what to do in the name of exercise. There is a valid reason for this. People’s tastes differ. Some may like rigorous physical exertion that leaves them breathless and sweating heavily. Others may have reasons not to like this or not to be able to like this. One’s age and state of health are important factors. A healthy youngster may take up long distance running. An elderly or sickly person may not last running a long distance.

Tai Chi is perfect for almost everybody because it requires no heavy physical exertion, has no religious connotations and is proven to improve health when done on a regular basis. Further investigation into Tai Chi may throw up greater details, including the fact that there is nothing in it that may be considered controversial in any manner.

Answer the following questions using complete sentences
1. From paragraph 1, how popular is Tai Chi ?


2. (a) From paragraph 2, what are the effects of Tai Chi on people with cardiovascular and respiratory problems ?

(b) From paragraph 2, what was the effect of Tai Chi on persons who had had coronary artery bypass surgery ?


3. (a) From paragraph 5, what is the flexibility inherent in Tai Chi ?

(b) From paragraph 5, what are the two factors that make Tai Chi attractive to the elderly ?


4. (a) From paragraph 8, what are the important factors to be considered when planning an exercise regime ?

(b) From paragraph 8, mention the factors that make Tai Chi an ideal choice for everybody.


5. What is the special characteristic of Tai Chi that makes it ideal to improve ones health ?

Characteristic : ___________

Reason : ____________


6. Based on the passage, write a summary of :

• The importance of having an exercise regimen

• The superiority of Tai Chi as a choice of an exercise regimen


Soutien: compréhension écrite: games for change

mercredi, janvier 25th, 2017
Have you ever played World of Warcraft or Counter-Strike? For many, playing video games is a favorite pastime. Parents worry that these games may be too violent and may negatively affect their children. However, a group of video game creators believe that video games can help educate people about real-world tragedies. These video game designers and other humanitarians recently met in New York City for the 3rd annual Games for Change conference.Although there is violence in the games that these humanitarians create, the violence reflected is caused by real-life situations such as racism or war. For example, in the game Darfur is Dying, the player takes on the role of a Sudanese refugee traveling to a well to get water while avoiding the deadly militia terrorizing the country. This game sheds light on the bloody civil war being played out in Sudan. Darfur is Dying has been downloaded more than 750,000 times and continues to grow in popularity. Another game tackling real-world problems is PeaceMaker. In this adventure game, players can choose to be either the Israeli Prime Minister or the Palestinian President. The object of this game is to promote a peaceful resolution for the volatile situation between Israel and Palestine.

In only two years, attendance at the Games for Change conference has grown from 40 activists in attendance in 2004 to 250 this year. These humanitarians are excited to use this form of media to spread awareness of problems in the world. Through their games, they create hope for a better future and a better world.

1. The game designers mentioned above want to _____.
(A) develop games that would teach people about the world
(B) educate children on how to end violence in their own lives
(C) negatively affect the youth of America
(D) start up a conference to stop the war in Darfur


2. What is the main difference between regular games and the games mentioned above?
(A) The quality of the graphics is far superior in regular games.
(B) Downloads take twice as much time for the new games.
(C) The violence in regular games isn’t as bloody.
(D) The violence in the new games is based on real-life scenarios.


3. Which of the following wouldn’t be a title of a Games for Change video game?
(A) Fighting Famine
(B) Football Fantasy 2008
(C) Bring Peace to the Middle East
(D) Eliminating Terrorism


pastime leisure activity
take on undertake
shed light on clarify, explain