Handball

31 03 2012

Handball Croatia !!!

History :

Modern handball was formed at the end of the 19th century in Northern Europe. The first rules were established by a Danish gym teacher in 1906. The modern set of rules was published on 29th October 1917 in Germany. Therefore modern handball is generally seen as a German game.

Modern handball is usually played indoors, but outdoor variants exist in the forms offieldhandball and Czech handball(which were more common in the past) and beach handball(also called sand-ball). It’s a team sport. There are two teams of 7 players.

American handball and Gaelic handball are completely different sports from team handball.

Qualities required :

The player must be bright, tall for laterals,pivots and centers, small for wingers.

Objective of the game :

The objective of the game is to pass a ball to throw it into a goal and to score the biggest number of goals. There are two 30 minute halves.)

Duration :

There are two 30 minutes halves.

2 x 25 minutes at at ages 12 to 16.

2 x 20 minutes at ages 8 to 12.

Rules :

Here are some rules provided by the International Handball Federation:

A player can take three steps

You can’t push another player

You can’t put your foot in the 6 meter-zone

 

You must pass the ball after 3 seconds

The handball Field

  Positions
(note: numbers and positions vary)
1 : Goalkeeper («goalie»)

Defenders:
2/3 : Centre back
4 : Right back/fullback
5 : Left back/fullback

Midfielders:
6: Inside right or right wing half
7 : Right wing
8: Inside left or left wing half
11: Left wing

Strikers:
9/10 : Centre forward

 

 

Equipments :

-A ball

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A pair of tracksuit pants for the goalkeeper

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

– A pair of shoes(stabill)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 


-Mouth guard, elbow pad and knee pad.


HANDBALL is very popular in Croatia. The Croatian team beat the French team ( 22-29) last January in the Euro championship. Croatian handball fans are very enthusiastic:

Léonie, Jérémy and Mervens.




Golf

31 03 2012

Golf – Scotland.

Historians have traced back the origin of modern golf in Scotland .

Golf is one the most popular sports in Scotland where there are lots of golf courses.

Golf is an individual  sport  played  on a golf course  which  counts  18 holes.

Women started playing after men.

The objective of the game is to put the ball in the holes and score points

There are basically two forms of play:

  • one which is decided by holes won and lost (match play)You must be the best at winning holes. (It means you count how many holes you have won)
  • and the other which is decided by the total number of strokes taken to complete the round (stroke play).You must do the smallest amount of strokes as possible. (It means you count the number of strokes you have done)

The rules:

  • Player must hit the ball and not push it.
  • Nobody must move and speak when a player is playing.
  • You can’t play until the group in front of you has finished playing.
  • You must leave the putting green as soon as you have finished playing.
  • You mustn’t drop clubs on the putting green.

Qualities required:
Playing golf requires calm and concentration

The equipment:

To play golf you need a club , tees and a ball:

                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                                                                                     

 

 

 

 

 

THE MOST FAMOUS GOLF COURSE IN SCOTLAND: St Andrew’s golf course.

Maëva and Tiphaine




Ice Hockey

31 03 2012

Ice Hockey in Sweden

The first organized game was played on March 3rd, 1875 in Montreal, Victoria Skating Rink, CANADA. The first Olympic competition took place in 1875.

Ice Hockey was born in Sweden.

Ice hockey is a team sport. There are two teams of 6 players.

 

The equipment:

Players need a helmet, shoulder pads, elbow pads, a mouth guard, protective gloves, heavily padded shorts, athletic cup, shin pads , skates and a neck protector.

                                                                               

                                           

They need a hockey stick and a puck which is made of rubber and very hard.

 Objective of the game:

The object of the game is to score more goals than the opposite team.

In the teams there are six players on the ice, one goalkeeper and five skaters

The game is played in three 20 minute periods.

The game begins when the referee drops the puck.

Rules of the game:

Players mustn’t take the puck in their hands

  • Players must wear a protective equipment as it is a dangerous game where full contact is allowed.

  • An offending player is sent to a penalty box for 2 to 5 minutes. His team must play without him then.

Qualities required.

It is necessary to be very strong

Other information:

Ice hockey nickname is «the fastest game on earth». Players move around at about 20 or 30 miles an hour; there are lots of injuries especially head injuries.

Amélie and Quentin




Marathon

31 03 2012

The marathon

Marathon in Berlin

 

  • The marathon is a long-distance running individual sport.

  • The number of participants is unlimited.

ORIGIN:
The modern Athens Marathon commemorates the run of the soldier Phidippides from a battlefield at the site of the town of Marathon, Greece, to Athens in 490 B.C bringing news of a Greek victory over the Persians. The legend says that Phidippides delivered the message « Niki! » (« victory »), then collapsed and died.

 

 Phidippides

Phidippides ran from Marathon to Athens.

The marathon was one of the modern Olympic events in 1896.

The Olympic distances of a Marathon is 42,195 kilometers. The distance in miles is 26 miles and 385 yards .

The objective of the marathon is to run the 42,195 kilometers as fast as possible.

 

Every 5 kilometers, there are supplying points. There are energy drinks and energy bars. It is recommended not to drink too much .

The qualities required are mental and physical because it is a very difficult sport . It requires stamina, concentration , perseverance, courage and strength of character.

Basic rules:

There aren’t many rules. These are more advice than rules:

  • You mustn’t push and shove.

  • It’s better not to drink too much water.

  • You must have an electronic chip.

Equipment:

A runner must have a pair of special and very comfortable shoes (A marathon shoe should have at least a one inch thick sole) , a T shirt and shorts.

 

Other information:

The marathon can be run in a wheelchair

 

Charly and Grégoire

Vocabulary:

push;shove:pousser

energy bars: barres énergétiques

energy drink: boisson énergétiques

electronic chip: puce électronique

wheelchair: chaise roulante




Pétanque

30 03 2012

The pétanque in France

The pétanque is a French sport.

It was probably created in 1907 or 1910 in La Ciotat by Jules le Noir

The new plaquette in La Ciotat (Wilhelmus Nanninga)

It is a team sport (2 teams of 3 players maximum or 2 teams of 2 players) or an individual sport(1 versus 1).

To play the pétanque each player must have 3 boules and a magnet for older people (to pick up the boules) and a jack.

To win players must get 13 points by placing

a maximum of boules around the jack. The number of boules which are around the jack are converted into points.

Some basic rules:

  • A boule which touches or passes the limits of the ground is foul (= not good).

  • You mustn’t pass the circle when you throw the boule.

QUALITIES REQUIRED:

Pétanque requires patience, accuracy, and endurance.

Anthony and Steven




Cross country skiing

19 03 2012

Cross country skiing in Norway

Introduction:

  • Cross-country skiing is a winter sport.

  • It is popular in many places with large snowfields, primarily ,Northern Europe,Alaska and Canada. It is very popular in Norwaywhere the Norwegian Trekking Association is very active.

  • Cross-country skiing is one of the most difficult endurance sports.

  • Cross country skiing is much like walking or jogging, only competitors use skis and poles to move in the snow.

In the 19th century, people in Nordic countries used cross country skiing to travel.

  • These days, cross country skiing is a competitive sport that has two major disciplines and several different events like races of various types and lengths, as well as biathlon which is a combination of cross-country skiing and target shooting with a rifle. The International Ski Federation (FIS) determines the rules for the sport.

                            

It is both an individual sport and a team sport.

Equipment:

To practise cross country skiing you need: skis,poles, footwear : cross country ski boots,

Non-conforming equipment could result in penalty or disqualification.

 

 Objective of the sport:

 Races can be a 1-kilometre sprint or a 50-kilometre endurance competition. The objective of the sport is to be the fastest

 

The rules :

Interdictions:

 

  1. You mustn’t shove or push other athletes.
  2. You mustn’t have verbal contact.
  3. You mustn’t swear.

Other details:

Organized races are divided intoclassical, and freestyle.

 

  • Classical means you ski in the traditional way, moving your skis back and forth, and pushing with the poles.

Video of World Cup Skiers demonstrating diagonal stride technique

  • Freestyle means you are allowed to use a skating technique with your skis.

Video of World Cup Skiers demonstrating offset / V1 technique

                                                                                                 

Stella and Margot




Pesapallo

17 03 2012

Pesapallo Finland.

Description:

The game was developed at first by Lauri  » Tahko  » Pihkala in the 1920ies in Finland.

It is very similar to baseball. It is also practised in Germany; Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, Japan, New Zealand and the Baltic States.

 Equipment:

 A ball: The ball is yellow and looks like a tennis ball.

    Men’s ball 160-165 grams

   Women’s ball 135-140 grams    

   Junior ‘s ball 95-100 grams

A helmet, gloves, a bat, spikes (recommanded).

 

    

 Players:

It’s a team sport.

The defensive team has 9 players and the offensive team has 9 batters plus 3 jokers..

There are different positions on the field: pitcher, catcher, basemen, shortstops, outfielders….

Each team has a « leader » who is the captain of the team.

There are differences with baseball:For example the throwing of the ball:

 Watch the direction of the arrow ( > and ^)

                                   o    > .        o /
                    BASEBALL:      |-              |
                                  / \             / \
                                pitcher         batter
                                         .

                   PESAPALLO:         o  ^ \o
                                      |-    |
                                     / \   / \

The field is different too:

 It is played on a field measuring 40 by 94 meters.

                                                                                          

Objective of the game:

The objective of the game is to score more runs than the other team.

The offensive team scores a run when a runner returns safely to the home base after advancing safely through all three field bases.

Rules

There are two periods of four innings each.(During an inning both teams take turns playing offense (batting) and defense (fielding).)

The offensive team wins a period if they score more runs than the other team.

The winning team must win two periods to win the match.

  • You mustn’t kick the ball but you must throw the ball through the air.

  • A defensive player mustn’t block an advancing runner.

  • A batter is allowed 3 strikes.

If you want to watch a video go to:

http://sportwanegen.over-blog.com/5-categorie-11872957.html

Angélique and Sandra.




Basque pelota

16 03 2012

Basque Pelota

ORIGIN:

Basque pelota is the name for a court sport which originated in the north of Spain and in France in the 13th century. …

It comes from the ancient “jeu de paume” (jeu de paume au gant)

In the Basque country the « pasaka » and « laxoa », local versions of the “paume” became the pilota: instead of playing face to face, with a net in the middle the Basques began to throw the ball against a wall

  • Basque pelota is pilota or eusko pilota in Basque, pelota vasca in Spanish, and pelote or pelote basque in French.

  • It is the name for a variety of court sports played with a ball using one’s hand, a racket, a wooden bat or a basket, against a wall

Basic principles:

In hand pelota:

  • There are two teams of two players each.

  • The team who servesbounces the ball on the wall,

where it must rebound between the low line and the high line.

Jai alai (zesta punta)

  • The player must send the ball on the wall and a player must catch the ball with his equipment of the hand.

  • It is the best known pelota (= the most popular pelota) because it is spectacular and fast

 Objective:

The objective of the game it is to mark 21 points and put the opponent in difficulty.

Only the server’s team can score points

Qualities:

The basque pelota is a game of ball demanding strength and dexterity.

 

Equipment for Jai Alai : xistera, helmet and ball

Men who are playing pelota basque:

 

Different equipments:

 

BASIC RULES:

  • A player can ask for a break. Players or teams are allowed 3 breaks for each game.
  • If a player has to change his gloves he must show his hands to the referee who allows him 2 minutes to change his gloves.
  • A player’s hands must be protected (gloves or sort of plasters.) It is forbidden to use solid protections.
  • The server mustn’t serve if the receiver is not ready.
  • You must serve in the serving zone
  • You mustn’t block an opponent.
  • You mustn’t push or shove an opponent.

Basque pelota today:

Today, Basque pelota is played in several countries. In Europe, this sport is concentrated in Spain and France, especially in the Basque Country and its neighbouring areas. The sport is also played in Latin American countries such as Argentina, Chile, Cuba, Mexico, Perú and Uruguay. Operated as a gaming enterprise called Jai Alai, it is seen in parts of the U.S. such as Florida, Nevada and New England.

HELP: VOCABULARY:

Bounce: rebondir

Strength: force, puissance

score: marquer

push and shove: pousser

Opponent: adversaire

 

Candice and Juliette

 

 

 

 

 

 




Rugby

16 03 2012

RUGBY is one of the most popular sports in WALES

Rugby, is a style of football named after the Rugby school in the UNITED KINGDOM. William Webb Ellis, then a 16-year-old boy at Rugby School in England, caught the ball and ran with it to the opponent’s goal line. The game of Rugby was born! At first it was called « Rugby football ».

Rugby is a team sport it is played with 15, 13 or 7 players.

EQUIPMENT: To play rugby you need:

  • Rugby boots
  • Shoulder pads
  • A mouth guard
  • A helmet sometimes

You also need a rugby jersey (or shirts), socks and shorts.

 

THE BALL IS OVAL

 

The objective: of the game is to advance in the field and to flatten the ball behind the opposing poles.

RULES:

-you can carry the ball with two hands.

-Players in the other team are allowed to tackle, hold, push or grasp the player who has got the ball but must not tackle or obstruct any other player.

-Any player can pass, throw or give it to any another player but he must pass the ball backwards.

 

A tackle can be very violent.

There are two 40 minute halves, maximum of 10 minutes half-time break

 

THE QUALITIES REQUIRED:

-have speed;

-be strong;

-have stamina;

have a sense of strategy ;

-be good with his hands and feet.

 

-France was second in the World Cup.

IRB World Ranking

1_New-Zealand 91.43

2_Australia 87.42

3_France 84.70

4_South Africa 84.34

5_England 81.58

6_Irland 80.65

7_Argentina 80.28

8_Wales 80.18

9_Tonga 76.63

10_Scotland 76.20

V of the victory in World Cup 2011

Clarisse and Mathéo




Gaelic football

16 03 2012

Gaelic Football ( Ireland)

Gaelic football is a team sport. There are 15 players + up to 15 substitutes .

History:

Gaelic football was first codified in 1887 .

All Gaelic football matches are 60 minutes, divided into two halves of 30 minutes each.

Gaelic football is one of the most popular sports in Ireland .It was born in the 16th century.

A gaelic football field:

A Gaelic football field is a rectangle. There are two goals which are a combination of rugby posts and football goals. There are two teams. There are 15 players in each team. It is a combination of soccer, basketball and rugby.

How to score :

If the ball passes between the posts, the team scores one point.

If the ball passes under the cross bar, the team scores three points.

Here is the goal for Gaelic football. It comprises a football goal and rugby posts.

This is a Gaelic football. It looks like a soccer ball but it is smaller and heavier.

 

EQUIPMENT:

 

THE RULES:

  • You can kick the ball, pass it through the air or bounce it.

  • You can carry the ball but only for four steps.

It is a rough game but players do not wear any protective gears.

Personality:

A player has to be resilient, determined, quick on his/her feet and mentally agile

If you want to know more about Gaelic football watch this video:

Chloé and Nicolas