Pronunciation practice

Pronunciation of Long and Short Vowel Sounds

All vowels have at least two main sounds that they make depending on surrounding letters and sounds. These are usually referred to as the long and short sound of a vowel. This article shows some common spellings for long and short vowels as well as some minimal pairs where words change from long to short vowels.

The long a sound:

a ? race, able, make

ai ? wait, aim

ay ? slay, day, may

ei ? eight, weight

ey ? they, hey

ea ? break, great

The short a sound:

a ? cat, mad, dance

The long e sound:

e ? be, eve

ee ? see, sleep

ea ? meal, peace, read

ie/ei ? field, believe

The short e sound:

e ? let, tell, send

ea ? bread, weather, dead

The long i sound:

i ? pilot, file, idea

igh ? fight, sigh, light

ie ? lie, cried, tie

y ? by, why, apply

The short i sound:

i ? pin, tip, finish

e ? pretty

y ? myth, symbol, system

The long o sound:

o ? remote, hope, wrote

oa ? boat, soap, oak

ow ? snow, tomorrow, window

oe ? toe, soe

ough ? though, bough, thorough

The short o sound:

o ? pot, forgot, clock

The long u sound:

u ? use, unit, future

ue ? argue, hue, rescue

ew ? new, stew, few

oe ? shoe, canoe

The short u sound:

o ? opinion, come, color

u ? conduct, cut

ou ? couple, tough

Pronunciation of minimal pairs

An interesting thing about long and short vowels is that the pronunciation can be changed with the addition or subtraction of one letter. When this happens, words are called minimal pairs. Here are some examples of minimal pairs for long and short vowel sounds:

at ? ate

bat ? bate

cap ? cape

hat ? hate

tap ? tape

rat ? rate

beet ? bet

neat ? net

seat ? set

wheat ? wet

time ? tim

bite ? bit

light ? lit

site ? sit

might ? mit

wine ? win

cope ? cop

hope ? hop

cone ? con

note ? not

coat ? cot

cube ? cub

tube ? tub

cute ? cut

dude ? dud

Pronunciation of difficult phonems

1.L’article THE. Click HERE

2. Le son « s ». Click HERE

3.Le « TH ». Click HERE

4. Two, to et too. Click HERE

Additional exercices

Pronouncing the letters B and P
Pronouncing the letters D and T
Pronouncing the letters G and K
Pronouncing the letters CH and J
Pronouncing the letter H
Pronouncing the letters F and V
Pronouncing the letters S and Z
Pronouncing the letters M, N, and NG
Pronouncing the letter L
Pronouncing the letter R
Pronouncing the letter W
Pronouncing the letter Y Pronouncing the sound TH
Pronouncing the sound SH
Pronouncing various sounds of the letter A
Pronouncing various sounds of the letter E
Pronouncing the letter I
Pronouncing the letter O
Pronouncing the letter U