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Beginning of Looking for Eric by Ken Loach








Camera Angles: Close-Ups and Long Shots

How can you communicate your vision on the screen?

establishing shotlong shotmedium shotover-the-shoulder shotclose-up


Establishing shot
A shot, normally taken from a great distance or from a “bird’s eye view,” that establishes where the action is about to occur. In your science-fiction movie, you will probably need an establishing shot of the Paris skyline, most likely one that shows the Eiffel Tower. This will communicate to the audience that the action takes place in Paris.

Long shot
A shot that shows a scene from a distance (but not as great a distance as the establishing shot). A long shot is used to stress the environment or setting of a scene. In filming your science-fiction movie, for example, you might use a long shot to show the monster causing traffic jams and panicked crowds.

Medium shot
A shot that frames actors, normally from the waist up. The medium shot can be used to focus attention on an interaction between two actors, such as a struggle, debate, or embrace.

Over-the-shoulder shot
A shot of one actor taken from over the shoulder of another actor. An over-the-shoulder shot is used when two characters are interacting face-to-face. Filming over an actor’s shoulder focuses the audience’s attention on one actor at a time in a conversation, rather than on both.

A shot taken at close range, sometimes only inches away from an actor’s face, a prop, or some other object. The close-up is designed to focus attention on an actor’s expression, to give significance to a certain object, or to direct the audience to some other important element of the film. In your monster movie, you might use a close-up of the monster’s teeth or claws to show how ferocious it is, or decide to zoom in on a frightened passerby to illustrate his or her fear.

Back to: “Directing
  1. About the beginning of the film:


I underline in blue what I can hear I underline in red what I can see


cars hooting- a busy road and people driving on the motorway- a man in his car – a close-up on his hands on the steering wheel- a motorway- blue and red cars- a Peugeot – a man driving on the wrong side of the road- an accident- the noise of an accident- a lot of noise – a car crash- a hospital- a man in a hospital- words and letters appearing as dribble in a football match- a man who is lying on a bed in a hospital- a man who wants to go back to work- a man who doesn’t want to go back to work- a man who is afraid of being late for work- a lot of different cars – drivers driving on the wrong side of the road


    1. True or False or We can’t tell


– football as a philosophy of life

– unity and united people

– a love story

  • a man who is depressed and has a car accident
  • Eric Cantona and Eric Bishop are friends
  • Eric Bishop is imitating Eric Cantona
  • Eric Bishop needs a coach for his on life
  • Eric Bishop has a love affair with football
  • Eric Bishop is having problems

Raymond Aubrac, Jean Moulin and History




Raymond Aubrac with wife Lucie Bernard 

Jean Moulin

Jean Moulin
  • Son of a history professor
  • Rapidly ascended Civil Service to become France’s youngest prefect (regional administrator)
  • Extreme left-wing politics
  • Arrested in June 1940 by Gestapo and tortured
  • Dismissed by Vichy government for refusing to sack all elected officials with left-wing views
  • Smuggled out of France in 1941 to meet De Gaulle in London
  • Parachuted back to France in Jan 1942 to organise Resistance movement
  • Betrayed in June 1943, tortured and died





Once upon a time, there was…

The Pea and the Princess adapted from its original version.


Once upon a time there was…a Prince but he wanted a Princess.

He travelled around the world but there was always something wrong.

-“There must be a real Princess for me somewhere!” he thought.

There was always something wrong and Our Prince  could not find one.


One day, there was a terrible storm with thunder and lightening.

In the middle of the storm, something happened and a Princess appeared but the Old King did not believe the Princess nor did the Prince. They thought she was not a Princess because of her appearance.

The Princess stood outside and she was in a terrible state because of the rain on her clothes and her hair and her face…

-“We shall see if you are  a real Princess!” (On va voir si vous êtes une vraie Princesse!”)

She put 20 mattresses and twenty feather-beds. And she put a pea under  the mattress or mattresses.

-“How did you sleep last night?”

-“I slept terribly bad!”... she said. “I hardly closed my eyes and my body is all black and blue.”

So the Prince was sure she was a real Princess.

The pea was placed in a museum!

Everybody can see it now!


My conclusion about Andersen’s tale?



a tale=

Once upon a time=

to want=

to travel around the world=


something wrong=

to find=

a storm=



to believe=

to think=






I can show you some irregular verbs



Looking for Eric by Ken Loach -under construction-Collège et cinéma



1)Underline 5  similarities between Ken Loach’s life and work  and Gustave Courbet’ s life and work.

2)Choose 5 sentences or more and ask as many questions as you can.



Gustave Courbet was born in  La  Vallée de la Loue (Loue Valley) in Franche-Comté on June 10th 1819 .He studied in Besançon and Paris. His family wanted him to study law but he preferred drawing and painting. He spent a lot of his time in museums copying a huge amount of paintings and eventually stopped studying law. He was politically involved in La Commune and was attributed the destruction of La Colonne Vandôme.

He liked saying “Courbet sans les courbettes”.It means that he was a very straightforward person with a lot of  personality- at times, too much!He wrote many interesting pamphlets and letters to explain his viewpoints  about painting. He didn’t want to work for the Académie des Beaux-Arts and refused any type of promotion linked to the government because he wanted to be a free “thinker”.

He had a son who  died when he was 25 years old .

He was condemned by the French government and put in prison.  He died in exile in Switzerland on December 31st 1877. The debate about his responsibility or the absence of responsibility in the destruction of the Column is  still going on.

His painting has the realism of every day life:

-people  at work

-people coming back from a burial

-ordinary people  at a burial

-hunting scenes with realistic details

-ordinary people by the riverside

-nudes  with realistic details

-portraits and landscapes of his region

The common key-word and denominator between the two  people is  r e a l i s m .


Ken Loach was born on June 17th 1936. He started studying law  and eventually became a comedian. He is interested in shooting films and documentaries about  daily life.He becomes  the reference for “docudrama”, a mixture of fiction and documentaries.

He wants to show the difficulties of people in today’s world. The words  which best sum up his work are= dark and gloomy, depressive  and depressed, depression,  gloominess and darkness.

He usually resorts to ordinary people rather than real actors.

He likes shooting films about the working-classes.
  Kes (1969)  is a film about a young boy who trains a kestrel in an ordinary working-class family with very ordinary people.


-cinema as a tool for understanding our world

-cinema should inform, educate and high light our human condition

-cinema should stress important elements in people’s daily life=

their problems in their jobs and their family relationships.

-cinema should serve politics, ethics and economy more than entertainment.

– “Humour is essential to our humanity”. “It is a question of  survival.”

– Football is part and parcel of social life in working class families

Regions shot by the artist:

 Sheffield, Manchester-Liverpool , Glasgow.





January 2012

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