Treasure Island

Treasure Island is an adventure novel written by Robert Stevenson. The first book is appeared in 1881, but Stevenson had make many modifications to his text. The real book appeared in 1883.

Jim, the main character, is a young man like others. One day, an old man come in his parent’s house. Jim and this old man are firends. The old man said to Jim that an treasure island exist. But the old man dead, and Jim wants to find the treasure, with a plan, the old man’s plan. He goes to find this treasure with a both. It’s the real adventure.

This book is interisting, because he is about adventure, and we are many actions in this book. It’s like the Coral Island, but not with children. But it’s a fantastic book, and story.

Robinson Crusoe

Robinson Crusoe is an English novel. It belongs to the genre of adventure novel. Written by Daniel Defoe and published in 1719. His publisher is W. Taylo. The story is inspired of the life of Alexander Selkirk. This novel is the first adventure novel written in English. When it was published, it was a huge success. Jean-Jacques Rousseau considers it as an educational novel. Shipwreck stories are as beautiful as literature because the eldest is Ulysses and the Odyssey (8th century BC).Today, it is considered as a classic novel in literature. The best known translation of Robinson Crusoe (by D. Defoe) in French is that written by Petrus Borel (poet and romantic frenetic writer) in the nineteenth century. A new version was released in 2011, translation of Françoise Du Sorbier. This novel has been adapted to cinema and television a lot of times. It is one written by Michel Fournier with Friday or the limbo of the Pacific. Since it releases, Defoe’s has not stopped creating new variations on the theme, or robinsonnades. It has become a myth. Robinson became a common name. 

    This novel is written in the first person singular. Robinson Crusoe is an adventurer in the soul. In the story that Robinson Crusoe tells in 1651, he led in England against the will of his parents who wanted him to be a lawyer. Robinson Crusoe navigates on the Pacific on the side of South America. His ship has suffered a storm and is stranded a stone’s throw from an island. He is the only survivor (with a dog). He joins the island and discovers that it is deserted. Robinson recovers a lot of equipment on the boat (like a rifle) and settles on the island and lives more than thirty years but after twenty five years he finds an Indian and names him Friday. Robinson tries to reproduce the way of life of the society where he is born, that is to say that he begins to practice agriculture and breeding while he could live by hunting and gathering. With his animals, he managed to recreate a micro society because he considers himself the king in the middle of his subjects. We understand that everything he does is a way of fighting loneliness and clinging to the life he led.

  Robinson Crusoe’s story pleased me. I loved reading his adventures and how he was going to evolve. Last year, I studied four rewriting of Robinson Crusoe. It was very interesting to see the variants of this myth. I usually do not like to read adventure novels but here it did not bother me. 

The adventures of Huckleberry finn – Mark Twai

 ( I really like this film, and after seen it in the classe, i wanted very much to                present it to here !! )

   The adventures of Huckleberry finn – Mark Twain :

biography of Mark Twain:

The real name of Mark Twain is Samuel langhorne Clemens. He was born in 30 November 1985 in Florida and he was dead in 21 April 1910 in Redding. It was a writerand also a humorist.

At first time he was in the army, and Then he was a printer and journalist. He will start by becommung famous with the roman The adventures of Tom Sauyer. This book was published in 1876. and this is a story of a little boys in United States and he has a lot of adventures. There is a element autobiographic because the sotry passed to the same place of life of Mark Twain. However he has a secondly sucess, this are the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , at first this book was published in 1884 in London, and then in New York. In 2007 this book is the fifth best book of the time.

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "les aventures de huckleberry finn"

          This is a story of little boys. He’s name is Huck. He lived in a widow, Douglas  because his father is dangerous. He is alcoholic and he is violent with his son. Huck find a little friend and withh them going in the forest to game with other friends. When he go home Mm Douglas is worry for him because he is dirty and he did’nt eat . One day after this same scene huck going at his bedroom and he discover his father. He is effrayed ! And his father resquet money because he see than Huck  has a lot of money, for this beautiful clothes. And now, the little bo was kidnapped by his father, the horrible man. There are many spat because the father is strict , but Huck succeed in escaping that this badly home. And he make believ in his father, he was dead with a blood in the wall.

He has an another friend, he is Jim, what he discovered when he made a walk in this island. With him, Huck to going with raft in the Mississipi River. And his friend he’s black and he would like find a state free because he is research. Huck would like away from his father. There is a eventful life in the Mississipi. River, isn’t rest. In the Mississipi they two friend meet a lot of peolpe, or boat… The goal of Jim is to going as far as Cairo but on the way he would like to sell the raft for them to take a steamboat. Jim wants to be free and he wants earn money fo his family. But Huck want to denouce Jim, because he is black and a slave. Huck hasn’t allowed, to have a slave with him. However Huck doesn’t do that because he is friend.

One day they two friends gather two gangster, LouisXVII and the other Duc of Bridgewater. The two gangster this make pass for brother and wants to take money of all peolpe.( it was the first of their adventures) . Then, Huck want again accused Jim, because he is a slace free. Huck go to writte one letter and he will send it to Miss Watson. After this Jim is stopped. But HUck isn’t better with him. Huck trie to save his friend from slavery.

When they two friens are free,what we can see them to other adventures? (for know this, watch the film ! )

Into the Wild – Jon Krakauer

« I want a life more intense and richer. »

Once upon a time, a man who preferred to live his dream rather than to dream his life…

This true story is the story of Chris McCandless, which inspired Jon Krakauer in his book « Into the Wild » published in 1996. In this biografical novel, the author recounts the life of this young man who decided to leave the consumer society to return to the wild life. Moreover, this adventure inspired also the film director Sean Penn in 2007.

Chris has one dream: go in Alaska and live there. So, after having his university degree, he begins his trip with his old car and gives up everything : his family, his money, his comfort, his civilized life… He says about him he is a « leather tramp ». Chris travels the South of the United States before realizing his big dream : live alone in Alaska and in harmony with the nature. He decided to settle down in a abandoned bus and lives as he can : he hunts game, eats some roots etc…

But living in the wild is not always easy and Chris has to face many difficulties to survey in this hostile environment…

« I learnt that the main part in life, it is not to be strong, but to feel strong. »

I find this book so interesting and fascinating. It brings us in another universe. This book also makes us think about our role in the consumer society. Through Chris, the reader wonders, throughout the book, if he could have the courage to leave everything to live what we really wish…

Howl’s Moving Castle, Diana Wynne Jones

Don’t you think that we all need a bit of wizardry from time to time? I sometimes find it delightful to go back in time, and it’s easier to do than you might think. No need of a magic wand, simply one of those book that you read a long time ago. One of those bewitched books whose worlds feel like weird but mesmerizing places you visited with a pounding heart but that you know so well that they are now as many shelters. However, the book I would like to talk about contains its share of mystery, involving a wizard with odd habits, a door opening to four different places, a sweaty young-looking witch, a young girl in disguise and even a fire-demon…

Have you ever heard of Howl’s Moving Castle? Maybe you have, but I would be surprised if it really was about the book and not the equally wonderful but rather different motion picture created by the internationally acclamed Hayao Miyazaki. The movie you may know was actually inspired by a British book written by Diana Wynne Jones, who published over 30 books.

castle

The protagonist of this story is seventeen-years-old Sophie Hatter, the eldest of three sisters. Their father owns a a hat shop in the town of Market Chipping, in Ingrary. For Sophie, being born eldest of three is just enough to be the beginning of her troubles. You see, as everyone in this land knows, succeeding in the role of fortune-seeker is reserved to the youngest children and the eldest are merely those who fail first, if not even worse… Actually, we first hear of our eponymous wizard in the first chapter, where Jones teases the well-known clichés of the fantastic genre, as the land of Ingary is depicted as a place « where such things as seven-league boots and cloaks of invisibility really exist« . Sophie is resigning herself to live a dull life making hats as it will follow for sure, while her sisters both live exciting existences, until a moving castle appears on the hills above the town and refuses to stay motionless. At first afraid that it would belong to the dreadful Witch of the Waste, the townspeople are then soon saying that its owner is the wizard Howl, who can’t help but have fun « collecting young girls and sucking the souls from them. Or some people said he ate their hearts. »

Nonetheless, Sophie unwillingly attracts the Witch of the Waste’s anger and finds herself stuck into an old lady’s body. Her only chance at breaking it lies in the always-moving castle seenable from her hat shop: the Wizard Howl’s Castle. And since she aged so much, she isn’t scared anymore. Furthermore, she will have to handle Howl himself, who is so vain that he spends hours in the bathroom before going out, his young helper Michael and Calcifer, the talking fire… Becoming Howl’s housemaid only becomes possible after setting an uncanny bargain with the demon-fire in the hearth: although she can’t speak about the spell she is under, Calcifer knows it and agrees to give her back her appearance if she manages to discover and break the contract that links him up with Howl. But who is really Howl? Why is he so difficult to pin down? Can Sophie trust this mischievous fire crackling on the hearth? How does the castle manage to be in 4 locations in the same time? And does the jars in the bathroom labelled HAIR, SKIN and EYES contain limbs of unfortunate girls who came too close to the wizard?

It may just sounds like a foolish little tale, but it’s more than that. It would be nearly impossible to write about all of the astonishing surprises and elements that this story incorporates, so I will tell those I am the most amazed of.

First of all, there are many fairytales connections. But Jones knows them so well, that she easily explores them, reshuffes them and goes even further by subverting them, which is truly refreshing and remarkable to me. To begin with, doesn’t the name of the Witch of the Waste remind you of someone? It could be this other sorceress straight out from « The Wonderful Wizard of Oz » whose name is interestingly the Witch of the West. Furthermore, the opening chapter about Sophie’s life is reminiscent of Cinderella‘s tale, without Sophie having bad relationships with her relatives and siblings, fated to create hats her whole life long. Similarly, Howl and Sophie seem to embody the roles of the Beauty and the Beast alternately- Sophie is both the Beauty and the Beast at times, just like Howl is- and they can’t be easily defined. Also, Howl is a very interesting hero, who has qualities but is so far away from the perfect character that he becomes very human. He is vain, sees himself as a drama queen (or king) but also incredibly coward at times, he often throws a fit because of meaningless matters: he catches the flu, or his hair’s colour is wrong…Although it isn’t a humorous story, there are many really funny moments.
howl

“I feel ill, » [Howl] announced. « I’m going to bed, where I may die.”

Then, it is also such an optimistic story! Although Sophie ages prematurely, she is never down and always sees things as the part of the bottle that is half-full. Judging that this new appearance represents her true self better than her former youthful one, she just keeps going and overcomes every obstacle, finally daring to take charge of her own destiny. Jones also doesn’t mollycoddle her readers, she doesn’t look down on them, as she doesn’t explain everything but let us put every part of the puzzle together on our own. She trusts us. Which brings me to my last point: she words her sentences wonderfully, cleverly as well.

“Things are going round and round in my head–or maybe my head is going round and round in things.”

And it’s also the way this book can be perceived: its story is a story of words. Different kind of words: songs, curses, words that save or hurt, harm imposed after believing in words… This is a book that tells the importance of words, or how magical they can be.
roomThank you very much Manon for buying it to me 😉

The Grand Budapest Hotel, Wes Anderson

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Have you ever heard of the film director Wes Anderson? Or have you ever watched one of these movies: The Royal Tenenbaums, Moonrise Kingdom, the Darjeeling Limited or the eponymous animated feature Fantastic Mr Fox based on Roald Dahl’s book… I am sure that if you did see one of them, you remember it for sure! He may have one of the most distinctive visual styles a popular American film director has ever had, which led to many parodies reproducing his unique work… For instance, he seems to be obsessed with symmetry and unique colours. The sceneries he imagines are always very colourful and look as if we just entered a magical fairy tale. Moreover, critics and writers, as well as Anderson himself often refer to his films as  « self-contained worlds« . The characters of his films always behave in a totally exentric way and have amusing but weird characteristics, as much physically as intellectually. But here is a warning: if at first sight, his movies just seem to be wacky comedies, they are actually more meaningful than that and marked by melancholic elements. His recurring themes are often grief, loss of innocence, parental abandonment, suicide, adultery, sibling rivalry…Don’t simply rely on the seemingly shallow lines, you should find the lines between the lines!

The Grand Budapest Hotel is one of his latest films and I really enjoyed watching it! It is the kind of movies you should watch when you are sad, sick or depressed: it will make you laugh a lot, cry of laughter and laugh some more…And then feel a bit melancholic?

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« The Beginning of the End of the End of the Beginning has begun... »

Wes Anderson creates a brand new world with a special atmosphere. The landcapes and aesthetic choices he makes are truly worth-watching! To sum it up, I could simply say that we follow the adventures of a legendary concierge, played by Ralph Fiennes, and known as Mr. Gustave H. He is in charde of a great hotel located in the city of Nebelsbad, in a fictional Central European state called Zubrowka, between the First and the Second World Wars. Known to court aging wealthy women who flock to the Grand Budapest Hotel, we get to know Mr. Gustave through the eyes of a trainee lobby boy, Zero Moustafa. Freshly arrived in the country after his hometown was invaded and his family executed, his most important mission is to give Mr. Gustave his precious fragrance, « L’air de Panache ».
Their life is quite comfortable until one of the concierge’s octogenarian guests, Mrs. (take a deep breath) Céline Villeneuve Desgoffe und Taxis, also known as « Madame D » or even Madame C.V.D.u.T, is found murdered..

« -What if I fall? -Oh, my darling, what if you fly?. »

.Both of them will meet Agatha, a resourceful pastry chef, with whom Zero will fall in love.
2They will also try to keep a mysterious painting called  » Boy with Apple » that everyone has their eyes on, they will be lockep up in an Internment Camp, playing a game of hide and seek in a monastery, chased by a cold-blooded assassin with a sledge, be involved in a chaotic gunfight inside of the hotel…Through plenty of twists and turns, Zero will become Mr. Gustave’s more trusted friend.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
cat killer

This action-packed movie is even harder to tell indeed because the film director chose a frame narrative. It usually means a story within a story. But you can’t just use this if you are Wes Anderson…This movie is more likely a story within a story within a story. It is divided in several parts, which are:

-Prologue
-Part 1: Mr.Gustave
-Part 2: Madame C.V.D.u.T
-Part 3: Check-point 19 Criminal Internment Camp
-Part 4: The Society of the Crossed Keys
-Part 5: The Second Copy of the Second Will
-Epilogue

This shooting script reminds us of a book, and it’s exactly what Wes Anderson wants us to think. He was inspired by the author Stefan Zweig’s work and this whole story is actually told by an older Zero Moustafa to a famous writer -played by Judd Law-. The former lobby boy is now the director of a shabby and empty version of the Grand Budapest Hotel, several decades after the end of the Second World War. He still visits his hotel now and then, to immerse himself fully in his memories. A deep scent of nostalgia emanate from the Prologue and we figure out, that if what we just saw felt like something magical but artificial, it now makes sense. The Grand Budapest Hotel seems to be an idealized, beautiful memory shared with the Young Writer, who will die. A Young Girl can be seen in front of his grave with a book of his. So, the story is a memory of Zero, whose audience is The Author as a young man. He then remembers it as an older man, whose audience is both us (as he talks directly to the camera) and the girl reading the book, and whose audience, finally, is no one else but us. It could be a beautiful metaphor of memories to cherish, as everything and everyone is going to die one day, but it also brings a bit of hope, as it can be remembered for a long time.

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Do you know any of Wes Anderson’s other movies? If so, what did you think about it? ?

On the road, Jack Kerouac

On the road, Jack Kerouac, 1957

The author :

Jack Kerouac, born in 1922 in Lowell, Massachusetts, is a an american writer and a poet. He comes from a French-Canadian family.
Student in Colombia, sailor during the World War II, he meets in New York, in 1944, William Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg, with whom he leads a bohemian life at Greenwich Village. Alcohols, drugs, sex, homosexuality, parties, jazz bop, he hangs out with his friends from New York to Mexico, via New-Orleans, Denver, San Francisco… His walk of life is totally the opposite of the « traditional », conformist american life. He dies in 1969, at the age of 47, ravaged by loneliness and alcohol.

The Beat Generation :

The Beat Generation is an artistic and literary movement born in the 50’s in the USA. The expression is used for the first time in 1948 by Jack Kerouac to discribe his circle of friends to John Clellon Holmes. There are many books depicting this movement : Howl, Allen Ginsberg (1956) ; Naked Lunch, William S. Burroughs and obviously On the road by Jack Kerouac. Some members of the Beat Generation showed their homosexuality and it made a scandal in the puritan America. For example, Howl and Naked Lunch became the object of trials which allowed to develop the publishing world and the sexual liberation of the next generation. The three authors have influenced the youth walk of life of the 50’s – 60’s. The Beat Generation indirectly inspired May 68, the opposition to Vietnam war and Woodstock. It also illustrates the great commitment to big spaces, nature and spiritualities.

After his first book in 1950, The Town and the City, he develops a new write technique, very spontaneous that will lead the publication of On the road in 1957 : it was written in only three weeks. It is considered as the manifesto of the Beat Generation. It is an autobiographical novel where Sal (Salvador) Paradise, a student and a writer, is Jack Kerouac. Sal, the narrator, just got divorced, meets Dean Moriarty, released from prison, with who he travels accross the USA hitchhiking, by bus or car. Their trip begins to the west, passing by California, then the to east and to the South. Each step of their travel is made of new experiences : meetings, parties, various jobs and problems.

I have like read this book : the characters wander aimlessly, they lived without thinking about their future. On the road offers numerous meditation about life, death, love, friendship… We can also see it through Sal’s monologues. They live from hand to mouth, meeting people, questioning themselves, unending race to find money, food and a place to stay. This book reminds me of Into The Wild at some point (even if the main character is not really here to have fun). Besides, the fact that the road brings aventures, discoveries, meetings makes me want to travel accross a country.

«  Nothing behind me, everything ahead of me, as is ever so on the road. 

Lord of the flies, William Golding

Hi everyone!

As you probably noticed (thanks to the title of the article), I’m going to speak about a classic book of English literature written by William Golding and entitled Lord of the flies. It was published in the 20th century (more precisely in 1954).

The story is set on an uninhabited island and the leading characters are all young boys. In fact they are schoolboys but they are far from the civilization because of a plane crash. The pilot is dead so they have to learn how to leave together without any adult, any help from the outside.

At the beginning, all of them have a normal reaction for children: they are happy to be alone without their parents. They enjoy having no rules. But very fast there are a lot of tensions between some of the boys. Moreover these teenagers begin to be afraid. They think there is a monster in the jungle. Little by little life on the island become very hard and there is a violent atmosphere. The survivors of the crash don’t realize that they become savages. And they will not stay all alive …

I cannot say that I loved this book because it’s not a book you are joyful to read … I liked the author’s writing and the intrigue. It is definitively a striking book and it shows dark parts of humans. Indeed the main characters are only children but their acts are not innocent. Some of them will die and that will not still be accidents …

I know there is also a movie adapted from the book but I haven’t watched it yet. I don’t know if the movie shows well the beginning of the tensions and the savagery of the children but I hope so. If you saw the movie you can tell me if you liked it!

See you!

INTO THE WILD


Into the Wild is a novel inspired by real facts written by Jon Krakauer in 1996. It is a biography, a travel notebook and an autobiography

In 1992 , a dead body of a young man was found in a dropped bus in Alaska, near the Mount McKinley. It was Chris McCandless‘ body. He was 19 when he decided to live off the beaten track. He was disgusted with human being, what kept him to be isolated. He loved Jack London’s and Leon Tolstoï’s books and took the same positions. He had furrowed the United States, subsiting by several works before it settled in Alaska, to live in harmony with nature. This travel will be fatal.

I loved reading this book, because it’s not only the story of an adventurous young man, it’s also the story of the author, and many others anecdotes about things I wouldn’t suspected. I’m fascinated by Chris McCandless. The author had live similar experiences and that’s why he looked more closely at his case. I respect and admire what they have done, they wished leave for adventure and followed through on their commitments. That time, it’s not often that people give up everything to live their dreams and to be self-dependent. I guess Chris McCandless’ project, which cost him his own life, has many benefits: he broadened his horizons, he also met authentic persons and he lived in communion with nature. Testimonies of his family and his new or old friends are touching. I congratulate Jon Krauker for achieving this long quest, and for researching necessary details to write this book. Into the Wild has an abondance of interesting things.

LONESOME TRAVELER

Hi ! For my first article, I want to talk about one of my favorite author, who is Jack Kerouac. More precisely, I’m going to talk about the Lonesome Traveler, published in 1960.
This book, I read one year ago, is pretty typical of the beat generation. Indeed, it deals about travelling, wandering and so on. It’s a collection of short stories, travels through the road of America and Europe. Here, we are following the life of Jack Kerouac, a railroder who lives on the fringes of society. He makes us discover the America of fifties, Mexico, New York, Paris, the UK, with his point of view, which may be ironical, accusing but always interesting.
In spite of the long sentences for the descriptions (it can extend over two pages) which could be boring from time to time, we are never tired of reading the beat generation’s master. A far as I am concerned, I particulary love his way to describe his life: on a train, as a cook on a ship, at the top of a mountain, in the New York of the deep beat generation. Moreover, he always got the right word to catch his readers’s interest and I that’s what makes a very good writer.
To conclude, I will end with one of my favortite phrase of the book “Happiness consists in realizing it is all a great strange dream”.

The Coral Island, Ballantyne

We talked about this book in class when we studied « Lord of the flies ».
It was published in 1858. It’s quite important because it’s the first book of this type of story: the children’s literature. It’s the first using children as main characters leading to its success: we has never stopped to print it. It’s also a dystopian novel. Ballantyne is a Scottish author, his story is a « Robinsonade », a story inspired by Robinson Crusoe published in 1719.

The story takes place on a South Pacific island. Three boys are alone, the first part of the book concerns the way they manage to survive (how they find food, how they build a shelter…). In the second part, there is more action, there is the arrival of British pirates and they find Polynesians. They want to convince these men to become Christians, the painting of this culture is very violent, they talk about rape and cannibalism, I don’t know the real story of the Polynesian culture but I think it’s not so ugly the author shows….This book seems to be controversy today.
There’s also a reference to darwinism. His book: « The structure and distribution of Coral reefs » was published the year before. In « the Coral Island », Ballantyne supports the theory of evolution.

In 1861, the boys became adults in another book  » The Gorilla hunters ».

Tristessa by Jack Kerouac

Jack Kerouac  (1922-1969) is an American writter and poet. Today he is considered as one of the most important writter of the 20th century. During his life, he travelled across the United-Sate, Mexico and in Europe too. He was against armed conflicts and he stood for love (more sexual passion which he said it’s « the door of Paradie »). He seek for liberty (espacially of social conventions) and a meaning of life through drugs and alcohol but too through religon and spirituality (Buddhism). His writting style is rythmic, dynamic and spontaneous. It was very criticized at his time still thus he found the Beat Generation. The Beats hence their criticism of materialism, and want freedom through a personal achievement. Their style of writting wants to convey the immediacy of experience with a no academic-way: put down their thoughts and their feelings whitout any organization. Finally Kerouac influenced many artists like Bob Dylan and kinds like the Road Movie and movements like the Hippies.

Tristessa is a novel published in 1960 but written in 1955/1956. During a trip in Mexico, Kerouac met a prostitude called Esperanza but nicknamed Tristessa. In this book Kerouac has a reflexion on love because he loved the woman but if he makes it physicall, he denatures it; on the death: Tristessa is a junkie who suffered of her life, the drug must kill her, it gnaws her ; on the time: toxicomen forget their remenbrances, they loose notion of time and there is a link with death: more the time is spent more we are close to death; on  loneliness: Kerouac is with many people but he feels alone. This novel is quiet short but so poetic… The style of Kerouac can appear strange with his long sentences, his digressions, his sense of detail,… I don’t know how to describe my impressions but it’s a very good novel, we are immersed in a special world nevertheless a real world, wretched. May be it’s like a lesson of life for us… I think we learn on life with this work.

The Book Thief

Hello !

I think I will present the theme « voyage and return stories » and I chose a novel for my third document: This novel is The Book Thief, written by an Australian author, Markus Zusak. It was published in 2005. I chose this novel because the story is unusual; for example, the main character’s life is narrated by Death, so details show more the dangers of the life. The scene takes place in Germany during the World War II. Liesel Meminger, (the main character) is sent in a family she doesn’t know because her mother can’t take care of her. Liesel discovers her new life with her new family, who loves her, even if Rosa Hubermann (her « new » mother) seems to be more distant. One day a man asks them to help him; he’s a Jewish (the story takes places in Nazi Germany) and his father was a friend of Liesel’s « new » father. So the family decides to hide him; he was staying at home every day so Liesel explains him what is the situation, and they become friends. But soon bombardments become more numerous and the family is not sure that Max can survive alone. So he decides to go out… I could say what happen after that but if you don’t know the story I prefer saying anything !

I think this story can be a good example for the notion, because Liesel discovers and understands what is the life during the war and she is not the same girl before and after Sam (his Jewish friend)… Are you agree or do you think I have to change my document?

There is also a film about this story, this is the trailer:

Tristessa

Hello everybody !

Today here I am to give you a short reading advice about a Kerouac’s short book since we studied his work in Initiatory and Exile stories notion. It’s named Tristessa, it was published in 1960. This book relates the author’s life between 1955 and 1956 while he was living in Mexico with his friends. This book is also a meditation about love and it’s meaning because the author fell in love with a Mexican prostitute he named Tristessa.

Now let’s focus on the writing style ; we quickly notice that Kerouac’s style is really singular and that we have to get used to it to appreciate the book. In deed, Kerouac has the manner to write down everything without stopping : that’s why we have few full marks and a lot of dashes as he didn’t finish his sentences. I don’t know if it already happened to you but when I read it I get used to the rythm and sometimes at the end of a page I have to stop because my breath follows the rythm of the text so I feel like I’m choking haha it’s quite weird. We also notice that there are no chapters except that the book is composed of two parts to indicate that time has passed. I also realized that the action is very consdensed because we follow the author’s routine but sometimes he stops on details that take one or two pages and it goes back to the main action, I admit that it’s quite confusing sometimes.

I don’t want to spoil you the book but I really liked the main plot because Kerouac is really comitted in the approach of displaying each feelings and each thoughts inside his head but it’s embarassing because he is able to write very nice things and put next to it terrible comparisons haha. I also have to mention the presence of drugs at each page and again I admit that it can be annoying sometimes but in a way we understand that every characters are addicted to drugs so we couldn’t avoid it. But the meditative’s aspect of the book is really well built because you can see the characters and his feelings evolving through the times and I noticed that the Beat Generation has a real gift in the way that the things they wrote have a real impact on the reader ; I mean that you can pratically feel what the author wrote because you undserstand that it’s something really personal and that he puts his real feelings on it.

 

By the way, I’m still convinced that Kerouac is one of my favourite author with the whole Beat Generation because they have a very specific style that create a whole different atmosphere from books that we know.

Lord of the flies an allegory of natural condition of mankind imagined by Hobbes?

   

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   Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher of the 17th century. Nowadays, he is especially known for his works on political philosophy. Indeed, he thought about a state of nature which shows the natural condition of mankind to understand human nature. I don’t know if it’s also your case, but, when I read Lord of the flies, written by Golding, I thought that it is a great illustration of the Hobbes’s idea, developed in the Leviathan, published in 1651. In this work, Hobbes asserts that humans are naturally equal but they wants to assert their power on the other humans. Thus, in this state, there is “a war of all against all.” For Hobbes, this state is unlivable: there is an permanent insecurity.  Well, when it became too much to bear, humans accede to a social contract. They give their powers to one person in exchange for their security. For Hobbes, it’s the way chose civil society was established.

 

   In Lord of the flies, written by Golding and published in 1954, some children were obliged to live in a deserted island where they must pull through by themselves and return to the “natural condition of mankind”.  At the beginning, they managed to stay civilized. Then, the things go wrong and they have a war, which result in two deaths. In this story, the author wanted to show the true face of human and the primitive signs that can come back at any time. Even they had enough education to know how they must have acted, they didn’t act as civilized children. As we have seen in the extract we have studied, they are rescued by the arrival of the officer which symbolizes authority and civilized world. I think, but it’s my personal interpretation, that William Golding should have read the Leviathan by Hobbes and wanted to show that the dreadful human nature must be avoided only by the presence of authority. However, it can come back at any time, above all when there are not political authorities or a civilized structure. Well, I think that Lord of the flies is a good illustration of the Hobbes’s idea concerning human nature. However, the existence of a state of nature has interested a lot of philosophers of the 17th century such as Rousseau or Locke who had not the same idea of human nature and were not really agree with Hobbes. Aristotle said that “man is a political animal.” Well, are men obliged to live in society? If they are left alone in a deserted island, are they capable of pulling through?

Lord of the Flies

In class we saw the film Lord of the Flies, it was the first time I saw it and I loved it.

It tells the story of boys who survived a plane crash. They are on an island and they try to survive but one of the boys, Jack, decide to going it alone and create a rival camp. Then there is a terrible battle between Jack’s camp and Ralph’s camp, two children are killed. I found this film very interesting, because for me it shows us that we keep in us a strong survival instinct, and I think we have now idea how we would react in such a situation. Gradually in the film the children find their primitive instinct, they just want to survive. I think that even if some scenes may « shock » us, it is very realistic and it reminds us that we are « animals » and we could probably do a lot of things to survive. It is, for me, a very good movie !

The 100

           The 100 is a TV show directed by Jason Rothenberg last year. This series tells the story of around 300 people who survived after a third world war. They took refuge in a space shuttle for years since the Earth was uninhabitable because of radiation from nuclear bombs used. However, due to lack of oxygen in the shuttle, residents must come back down to Earth by turning off onto the risk of dying just arrived. They survived, but meet the inhabitants of the Earth returned to almost wild. They are trying to kill them because they feel threatened. In each episode they face many dangers and difficult choices to successfully have peace with the people of the earth.

           I think this TV show matches perfectly with the concept of travel, as they discover gradually a new place they do not know.
          The first season is not great because they are not enormously actions or twists, I think it’s because it took time to develop the story. But the second season is exciting because there are a lot of actions in a short time.

 

 

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer: Moral and Humor

 

The moral is presented in numrous way in the novel, usually negative.With the character of Huck and the fact that Tom is involved in an association to ban tobacco and alcohol, we shows the desire of the forbidden, which shows that Twain morality is the main source of immorality. In test like What Is Man? Twain developp this idea, considering that it is the moral freedom given to the man that makes man capable of do evil. At the Church is hypocrisy and vanity of the Reverend Twain ridiculed throughout the episode good point shared by Tom with his friends. This hypocrisy is also directly criticized by Twain when he evoques the responsability of the girls, and the absurd moralistic constraint they are required to applied. lines or moral feelings that are not the subject of irony or it’s critical are these from the feeling of the characters: Aunt Polly is an old generous woman, which prevents punishing Tom: this defect is a nice trait of character.

Twain uses forms of humor. A typical example is the practical joke, which involves placing a person in a situation of  victim, like when Tom pretends to be dead, and all of the village cry him. This kind of humor is not without cruelty, like Twain shows with Tom back to his village, hesitating to prevent his aunt that he is alive to saved him from her grief before giving it to not spoil the surprise effect of this kind of jokes.

Galveston by Nic Pizzolatto

As we are studying the notion of Travelling, Initiatory Journey and Exile in class, I decided to talk about a book I read recently.

It’s a book entitled Galveston, written by Nic Pizzolatto (famous writer and scriptwriter, in particular for the serie True Detective). The book deals with a man, called Roy Cady, a texan « gangster » who kills people on the request of his boss. One day he felt in a trap with a fellow and he succeed to stay alive. Unfortunately a girl was on the crime scene, so he has to keep her with him and they decided to go away from the town and hit the road until Galveston, Roy’s hometown. On the road, the girl, called Rocky wants to take with them her little sister, Tiffany. They finally arrive at Galveston, but the story isn’t ended.

Galveston de Nic Pizzolatto

It’s an interested book because the story is told by a past point of view and also by a present one. In that way it emphasizes the suspence of the plot and it gives a deep dimension to the story. During this road-trip we discover Lousiana and Texas, two wonderful states, amazing landscapes and interesting way of life, so different from ours.

I advise you to read it because the writing style is almost easy and descriptions of landscapes make me dream a lots.

Good reading !

PS: The serie is also amazing and I really advise you to watch it right now, it permits to stpe back about our society and our way of life. The actors are just perfect and the plot is so suspenceful ! 😀 Enjoy

Lord of the Flies : from the book to the movie

After the first cinematographic adaptation of the famous novel by William Golding, Harry Hook, an english director, decided to direct a new cinematographic adaptation of Golding’s novel, in 1990. Even though I never watched the first one, I can say that the adaptation by Hook (we saw in class) is really close to the book. They tried to recreate the universe and the atmosphere of the book and they completly succeed. Some actors are not really close to the characters physical description of the book (like Ralph or Jack), but it is not a problem.

The atmosphere, like in the novel, is really oppresive and increase more and more through the action.

I know that this movie does not pleased everyone, because of the violence reign between these young boys, but personnaly It didn’t bother or disturb me, In fact, I was really concentrated in the way they would retranscribe the book into a movie, and I wasn’t disappointed.

The good news is that, if you want to watch this movie , you can find it on youtube, in english, of course, with english subtitles !

« Lord of the Flies » by The Simpson!

The episode 14 of season 9 of Simpson is inspired by the book “Lord of the Flies” of William Golding. The children find themselves abandoned on an island, Bart represents Ralph, Nelson represents Jack and Milhouse represents Piggy.

I leave you with an extract of the episode! If you are curious to see the episode, will know that it’s really quite carried out!!

The Road

The Road is a novel written by Cormac McCarthy and published in 2006. There is a cinematographic adaptation directed by John Hillcoat in 2009, sometimes faithful to the novel, sometimes distant.

The story takes place in a post-apocalyptic world. It was devastated by a cataclysm. Giant fires have ravaged cities and countryside whereas wildlife has disappeared. The sun doesn’t appear behind the ash clouds. Many of the remaining human survivors have resorted to cannibalism, scavenging the detritus of city and country alike for flesh. A father and his young son wander in this setting, their scarce possessions collected in a supermarket trolley and backpacks. They are in search of a paradise and humanity, unfortunately, lost forever. Now, barbarism and violence dominate.

This initiatory journey focuses on the transmission and the subjectivity of values. The relationship between the father and his son (named in this way all the time in the novel) is really moving; they are bound by duty of survival and the desire to perpetuate the memory and culture in an age of darkness and despair. We can established a link with the myth of Sisyphus, the king of Corinth, in Greek mythology, who was punished for chronic deceitfulness by being compelled to roll an immense boulder up a hill, only to watch it roll back down, and to repeat this action forever. In The Road, we don’t know why the protagonists are here and they ignore themselves the future, perfect comparison with human condition.

It’s a very touching novel, haunting and heartbreaking at the same time. According to Michael Chabon (The New York Review of Books), ‘it is as a lyrical epic of horror’. The novel was awarded the 2007 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for Fiction in 2006.

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The Principal characters of Lord Of The Flies

Lord Of The Flies was written by William Golding and published in 1954. As you know because we studied an extract and watched the film, it tells the story of a plane carrying british boys from high society that crashed on a desert Island where all the adults died. The kids must survive by themselves.

The group must build an organized society to survive. Each kid on the Island has a signification.

 

Ralph is the smartest, he is almost a teenager and he became the leader of the group by being elected, he symbolizes the republic and the reason in the group.

Jack takes gradually the control of the group by being brutal, he represent the warrior power. He is charismatic and adventurous contrary to the Ralph’s reason.

Roger is the right arm of Jack, he represent the disturbing and violent cruelty, the pleasure of hurting and killing

Piggy is the fragile obese kid, he represent knowledge but also dependence and weakness, his glasses can makes fire that is the most usefull thing on the island. He is despised by the warrior power but he needs him to make fire, so his glasses were stole by Jack and Piggy died, pushed off a cliff.

Simon represent wisdom and positivity, he loves the nature of the island. He was the first kid who died in the group in a bloody sacrifice on the altar of superstition when he went to destroy it by bringing the truth. So his death represent the loss of truth. He also represent the Christ figure in this novel because he has the capacity to see beyond the wrong ideas and what he lived in this novel can be compared to the life of Jesus Christ.

 

Lord Of The Flies is sometimes considered like a novel for children, but it’s clear that William Golding created those characters to raise dark and deep thoughts about great ideas and subjects about society.

« Walk 1700 kilometers in three months »

« Wild » is an American drama film directed by Jean-Marc Vallée, and released in 2014. This is an adaptation of the story of the same name, written by Cheryl Strayed.

After the death of her mother (Laura Dern) and a divorce she didn’t want, the main character, Cheryl Strayed, decided to give herself a challenge: travel 1700 kilometers in three months, alone, on the Pacific Crest Trail, that is to say a hiking linking Mexico to Canada. The idea is to be face with herself to learn how to control his fears, his limits, his past and the ghosts that accompany her. She was addicted to alcohol and hard drugs .. This film is perfectly suited to the concept of initiatory journey because this woman is trying to rebuild herself and decides to make a long hike on the West Coast of the United States. Adventure is challenging: she walks under unbearable heat, in the rain, through a snowy area, crosses rivers, etc.

The landscape through which she passes, are those of Nevada, California, Oregon and Washington. They are very beautiful, really impressive and look like those that can be seen in « Into the Wild » directed by Sean Penn. They are breathtaking too and give constantly the desire to learn more about this famous « Pacific Crest Trail » that 300 people from around the world are trying to make ends every year!

Cast Away

Cast Away is a Robert Zemeckis movie about a voyage and return story. Starring by Tom Hanks, Chuck Noland (What a premonitory name) is a FedEx employee, time-obsessed systems engineer, who travels worldwide resolving productivity problems for his job. While flying through a violent storm, his airplane crashes into the Pacific Ocean, precisely in the south pacific. The film depicts his attempts to survive on the island using remaining parts of his plane’s cargo. He searches for water, food, survivors and opens the packages, finding a number of potentially useful items. He initially tries to signal for rescue and makes an escape attempt with the remaining parts of his life-raft, but he cannot pass the coral reefs surrounding his island. His only friend and rest of civilization on this deserted island that he can talk to is a volleyball ball that he named Wilson and has paint a face on it with his blood.

Wilson

 

Four years later he is still on the island and have created livable condition. Building a lifeboat he is able to navigate away and come back to civilization. Upon returning to civilization, Chuck learns that he has long been given up for dead and his friends and family had held a funeral. His wife, Kelly has since married Chuck’s dentists (which is comic because, on the island Chuck is obliged to operate himself) and has a daughter. Nothing will remain as before…

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

« The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn » is a picaresque novel written by Mark Twain and published in 1884. Huckleberry Finn, nicknamed « Huck » or « Huck Finn » is a motherless orphan boy about thirteen or fourteen years old. Huck flees the civilization in the company of an escaped slave. He tells them wandering about 1 800 km on a raft down the Mississippi.

I found this book and moreover the humor of Mark Twain very pleasant. In addition, this novel seems to be an anti-racist novel by the fact that Huckleberry helps a slave called « Jim » to go in the free states on their raft.

However, this is a satirical and realistic novel, because we find characters representative of the social category. It is also a pessimistic novel because of the hypocrisy of the men.

Huckleberry Finn

We watched a movie entitled :Adventures of Huckleberry Finn . The story deals with the adventures of a young boy named Huck. It’s an adaptation of a novel written by Mark Twain . It’s a black and white movie ,the music had an important role in it, it’s an advantage and also a drawback because it really well represents the feelings of the characters but it’s a little too much, it’s quite exagerated. Atthough I think it’s a very interesting movie and it’s agreable to watch it.

« L’homme qui voulait vivre sa vie »

Hello everyone, I hope you spent great holidays and I wish you all an happy new year !

During this time, I saw a very interesting french film (it explains the title) about exile and I remembered the document that our teacher gave us written by Christopher Booker named « Voyage and Return stories : main features » that sum up the main points that constitue a Voyage or an Exile story. I decided to introduce you the film and compare it briefly to points that are mentioned in the text.

« L’homme qui voulait vivre sa vie » is an adaptation based on an american book named « The Big Picture » written by Douglas Kennedy and published in 1997.

The main character is named Paul Exben (Romain Duris), a very famous Parisian lawyer seems to have everything to success in his life with his work but also with his family because he is a married and has 2 children. He also have a secret passion for photography since his adolescence. Things seem to go even better when his work partner propose him to become the owner from the law firm. But one day, everything falls apart when he discovers that his wife (Marina Foïs) is cheating on him with a friend from the couple, Grégoire (Eric Ruf), who is also a photograph. She broke up with Paul few times after and one day, he comes to see his old friend Grégoire. He becomes crazy about his relationship with his ex wife and accidentally kills him. Completely terrified he decides to run away from France by using the idendity of his victim : Now, Paul Exben is Gregoire Kremer, a photographer. But in his troubles he realizes that this event is an unique occasion to realize his dream : leave everything behind him to live from his passion. Before leaving, he eliminates the dead body in the sea and reaches Montenegro.

He has to restart everything : a new identity in a new country without any money, no friends (actually his relatives thinks that he died) but his hidden skill for photography will help him in his new adventure and finally this accident becomes a real opportunity to reconsider his life but he still live with the burden of a murder and have to stay discreet, even invisible.

To me this film is a real slap : first, aesthetically, the shots are very well built to represent the main character’s confinement : the shots are really tight like if Paul was trapped in his own daily life and you can notice the perfect symetry in the first shot at the beginning of the post, and I noticed that the shots made in Montenegro are even more spectacular : the colors are very pale,like frozen and the environment is really simple, rudimentary and picturesque. I don’t forget the soundtrack that emphazises perfectly each feelings from each characters.

Then I wanted to give you my opinion about the whole plot : Personally, I’m really interested in psychological films so I don’t think that I will be not really objective : I found it fascinating because in our society, we don’t realize that sometimes our daily life can become a real trap for us without knowing and it reminds us that happiness in a very fragile thing ; it’s really easy to lose and we see that trouble never comes alone. Moreover, I think that this film is a nice tribute to these people who keep their dream inside them but are not brave enough to live from their passion. It’s also a great call to leave everything behind you and start to do something that you really want to do. At first sight, it can appear as very naive but there is a constant shadow in this film : Paul Exben is a murderer and the director shows perfectly his constant escape : He is now banned from normal society and it appears as a real problem when it’s about to find a job or to make friends. The end shows it very well. Actually, I think that it’s a really balanced film.

Just a mention about the actors : I don’t know if you have already seen the cinematographic duet made of Romain Duris and Niels Arestrup but to me, they are the two best french actors together. Their play is always right and intense ( especially in « De Battre Mon Coeur s’est arrêté or « Un prophète » from Jacques Audiard). They make a great representation of friendship sometimes really slight or atrocious.

This picture comes from the film : it’s the first shot that Paul took in Montenegro.

Now I want to focus on the comparison between this film and our document : This story belongs to the first category of film : it’s a journey in a new world. The type also belongs to a type from the document : It’s a story about someone who discover a new country, here Montenegro, far away from his Parisian life.

In fact if we follow the pattern of a typical story, I noticed that some points are strangely similar :

1. The Anticipation Stage : It goes along with this story because at the beginning we understand that Paul Exben dreams of something bigger an different from his daily life but he is a coward who has his own confort.

2. Initial an fascination or Dream Stage : this part is also present in this film but not yet because actually Paul Exben just killed someone ; he takes him a long time to recover but finally starts to enjoy his life when he tries to take some pictures : A journalist noticed him and he becomes a local star in his village ; he really likes his life in Montenegro and becomes friend with Bartholomé (Niels Arestrup).

3. Frustration Stage : Sadly; the shadows follow Paul Exben (Or Kremer) because his notoriety forces him to show him up : a photo exhibition is dedicated to him but he realizes that his crime dosen’t allow him to appear in public and get recognized for his talent. It’s the price to pay.

4. The Nightmare Stage : Paul understands that he doesn’t have other choices than run away : people start to ask about him, his life, where does he come from… He founds love and friend but he knows that if he stays, things will turn bad for him. Here again, he has to leave everything to get a boat clandestinely and here the nightmare is at its climax : The boat crew wants to throw him into the sea…

5.Thrilling escape : Miraculously; someone throws him a life boat and he can go back on board. He finally arrives with new pictures but he stays discreet and into the shadow. We understand that it’s a vicious circle.

Actually, it’s pretty funny because the pattern is barely the same : as if voyage and exile stories have to follow the same rules. But few differences make this film unique and captivating. I know that this post is really too long but I had a lot of things to say about it. Hope that you took the time to read it and if you want, comment it because I’ll glad to discuss about it.

Eragon

Eragon is an American film by Stefen Fangmeier, based on the novel by Christopher Paolini, release in 2006.
The main scenes take places in a village called Carvahall. The main character is Eragon. He discovered in the woods a dragon egg. From that moment, the young man pupil the dragon who's growing fast, but it is also chased by the bad guys. He also learns to fight and wield magic. He's the only person who may be able to bring down the empire of the heartless, Galbatorix.

Normally that's a novel in three volumes, except that there is only one film adaptation because, apparently, there would have not been enough in the cinema entrance. In addition, the film's story would have been too much changed from the first book.

Personally, I liked this film; there is action, strange creatures and all that kind of stuff.

Moby Dick

« Moby Dick or The Whale » is a novel written by Herman Melville, an american writer, and published in 1851. The title refers to the nickname given to a huge white whale at the center of the story. The novel was first published in London in October as « The Whale », but this edition was incomplete and the title was not the one desired by Melville, who has also been a sailor (hence the subject of his novel and the fact that many passages are devoted to describing the technique of whaling). Soon after, the book became known as « Moby-Dick or The Whale ». Moby-Dick is now considered one of the most important novel in English literature.

Moby Dick can be considered an escape and adventure story because, attracted by the sea, Ishmael, the narrator decides to go to whaling. Indeed, the story takes place in the 1840s. With the economic potential of this highly valued resource, people decide to go hunt whales at sea. We find in the whaling taste of conquest and of exploration. Ishmael embarks on the Pequod, whaling ship, commanded by the captain Achab. Ishmael realizes that the ship’s crew doesn’t hunt only to supply the market of the whale. Achad seeks Moby Dick, a white whale particularly fierce and with an impressive size, not just for the fame he could draw, but because he wants revenge for the animal, which snatched him a leg in the past. The Pequod will sink into the sea and the survivor will be Ishmael. Melville explores many complex topics, when Ishmael asked about his beliefs and his place in the universe, through his journey. One can draw moral of this story because captain’quest for revenge will lead him to death. Moreover, even though at the time, the issue of the preservation of species doesn’t arise, Melville already raises the question of the consequences of intensive hunting of cetaceans.

In 2015 is planned an adaptation of the story in a movie called « In The Heart Of The Sea », with the actor Chris Hemsworth.

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

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The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is the first novel of Mark Twain and published in 1876. This novel is humorous. It can be read by adults and childrens. There are 35 chapters.

It’s the story of Tom Sawyer, malicious and superstitious, with his friends Huckleberry Finn and Harper Joe. His adventures take place in the fictional town of St Petersburg, but from 13 to 17 chapters Tom and his friends are on desert island. Tom lives with his Aunt Polly because parents’ Tom are dead, whereas Huck lives in barrel.

Photo of Tom Sawyer :

H.G Wells, The island of Dr. Moreau

Anyone who was in my class in 10th grade (2nd) will recognise this book … I think. So I wanted to do an article on this book because I believe it could fit in the notion « Travelling, initiatory journey and exile » that we are currently studying .
This story is about Prendick ,only survivor of a wreck, saved by a man called Montgomery. His (Montgomery’s) boat is sailing to an island with animals on board. On the island Prendick will meet the Dr. Moreau and realize with horror which kind of experiment he leads. After he chooses to face the dangers (Sorry, it’s really woolly but I’m really bad at summaries I have a tendancy to say everything) he manages to escape on a raft and goes back to England but he is traumatized by what he witnessed.
This is one of the books I really enjoyed reading in 10th because it is an adventure and obviously a lot of things happend, there are a lot of twists and it’s mysterious. In other words it keeps you interested, you really want to know what is going to happend next and I’m not saying we should only read this kind of book. But if you want to let’s say read during a plane or train trip take this, not « Madame Bovary » otherwise you won’t read you’ll sleep because ,come on, it’s great, really, but who can read this in a row ?
I hope you’ll give it a shot and if you want there are also movie adaptations, but I have only seen the trailers and I don’t think it manages to reveal Wells talent and certainly not his writing. But here it is, so that you can make your own opinion.

Lord of the flies

As we studied the voyage and return stories, I thought about the Lord of the flies written by William Golding and which is considered a dystopian novel.
There are children who travelled by plane to reach the USA during the World War. They would escape the violence of the war but their plane is fallen in the sea and they are lost in a deserted island. They try to found a society with an organization. The island is very beautiful, at the beginning they feel good.
The leaders tell some stories about a monster present on the island, the children begin to have nightmare and the story becomes fascinating when they fear more and more this monster which is nothing but themselves. Each child becomes violent to survive whereas they have no real reason to feel threatened. The conflict turns into a kind of civil war on the island up to the end, when some adults find them and help them, realizing that they are become crazy indeed. The « lord of the flies » is just the symbol of the monster.
There was a film about this book in the 90’s too.

Into the wild

In class we talked about « voyage and return stories ». We said that the action can take place on a remote place, and it reminds me a movie I have seen last year : Into the wild.

It’s about an american student, Christopher Mccandless, who just had his diploma but he decides to leave everything because he doesn’t want to live in the modern society. So he goes by car in southern of United States where he meets many people and mades friends. Then he decides to go in Alaska where he lives in an abandoned bus, and he finally finds peace he was looking for. After that, he decides to go home but he is trapped because of the river so he must stay. He is starving and he eats a plant but it is inedible, and he finally dies. This movie is really good even if it is sad. If you want to see a movie about voyage, I recommend it !

Travel with a Donkey in the Cévennes

 

Since we started to talk about Journey literature in class, I’m here to write about one of my favourite book of this type. It has been written in 1878 and released in 1979. The author is Robert Louis Stevenson was born in 1850 and is well known for his other works like Treasure Island, Strange case of Dr.Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. He was 20 years old when he wrote this book : R.L Stevenson, one day decided to make a trip in France to escape his life that is quite complicated in Scotland (his parents don’t approve his relationship with Fanny Osbourne who he wants to marry). He starts an hiking journey in September, the 22th in Le Monastier and finishes in St-Jean-Du-Gard in October, the 3rd. In this story, we follow the author through his journey, describing things he sees, people he meets. We have to know that the Cevennes were a Protestant insurgents territory in 1702, called the Camisards. Thanks to this book, we discover their history and the relationship between them and Catholics.

I really liked this book although the fact that the main plot is not really thrilling, it’s a linear story without plot twist. But it’s a real poetical and relaxing reading ; the author successes in making the reader travelling with him thanks to the description of the landscapes,the architecture and his point of view about the civilization that he meets. But I noticed that the book doesn’t follow the usual pattern of travel stories ; there’s no phase of fear or nightmare, moreover the character is not really isolated except one or two times when he has to sleep outdoor. But it’s a real psychological travelling book : at the beggining, the author feels really ill at ease because of his personal issues and his health issues but at the end he feels relieved and his mind is clear.

A lot of people don’t know this work and I think that it’s too bad because it takes place in real places in France (GR70) where you can hike and follow his path, this is what I did and I have to say that it was an incredible experience, like if you were the main character of the book and you lived the adventure. Sometimes, I stopped next to some places and realizes that the author stayed here and met people of the village. It’s really an unique feeling.

Hope you will read it because it’s really worth it.

 

 

 

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a picaresque novel written by Mark Twain published in 1884. The Huck’s narrative says itself autobiographical.

The scene is situated on the 1840, before the American Civil War. The main character lives in the Missouri. The narrator is a young boy who is called Huckleberry Finn. He is a Tom Sawyer’s friend and he is motherless orphan. His father, alcoholic and violent, comes back. He hears by his son the discovery of the treasure. He wants to get his hands on the treasure discovered by Tom and Huckleberry. So he wishes to get back his son whom he had abandoned. The child avoids his father and persuade him that he was murdered. Then he is on the roads with Jim, a runaway black slave who is wanted because we suspect him of being the murderer of Huck. They want to go in abolitionist north in raft. Lost on the river because of a storm, two swindlers save them and want to « sell » Jim to the Tom Sawyer’s uncle. Tom and Huck find themselves and they imagine projects to save Jim.

The narrator isat the bottom of the social ladder. He is a tramp and he doesn’t hesitate to lie, to steal. He is resourceful and he adapts himself to all the situations. He rejects the social values.

Moreover, this is a satirical and realistic novel. Indeed, the novel is realistic because Twain knows and lived what he writes, and reality is described. The subject is often funny but dirty and violence are also present. Futhermore, this is a satirical novel because the narrator meets representative characters of social category : two stiff middle-class persons, a man of wood, a slave, bandits, rich owner,… The innocent look of Huck shows the aberrations of the men, their prejudices, their cruelty, their cowardice, theire absurde conduct,… It is also a pessimistic novel because of the hypocrisy and the lies of men.

Have you ever read this novel?

Mark Twain – The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Last week, we studied in class an extract from « Adventures of Huckleberry Finn » by Mark Twain. I bought this book (translate in French) one month ago  and i read it, and i find that it was a very anti-racist book (in the story Huckleberry help Jim, a slave, to go in the free states, so they travel on the Mississippi on a raft) so this is why i love this book. I love too this because it is a well written book, and Mark Twain’s humour is very pleasant. I advise you this book.

Into the Wild

In class, we are studing the notion of  » the initiatory journey  » , and I want to talk about a artwork which belong to this notion. I’m going talk about  » Into the Wild  » , a biographical novel written by Jon Krakauer and published in 1996.

The story relates the life of the adventurer Christopher McCandless , who wants to return to the wild life , going in Alaska. The novel talk about his expedition during his across of United States as far as Alaska.

The author pays homage to Christopher McCandless in his novel , with a lot of details about his life, like his family. This novel was adapted to movie in 2007, by Sean Penn. I recommend this book , it’s great !

Tom Sawyer

« The Adventures of Tom Sawyer » is a novel published by Mark Twain in 1876. Mark Wain tells the stories of Tom Sawyer, a young boy who grew up in the Missouri, along the Mississippi river in a fictional village entitled St. Petersburg.

Most of these adventures were inspired by the childhood of the author and these fictional events happens before the civil war, although the novel was published after.

« The Adventures of Tom Sawyer » is probably the greatest book written by Mark Twain, the success was so high that an animated series was created several years later by a Japanese production, which was aired in 1980 for the first time.

I watched it when i was a children and on top of that, Tom Sawyer is the character who, in fact, gave the name « Tom » to my brother

A great voyage story !

 

Jean-Georges Vibert, Gulliver and the Lilliputians (around 1870)

I want to talk about Gulliver’s Travels. It’s a novel written by Jonathan Swift, and published in 1726. It’s a classic of English Literature. I think most of you know this story but I really liked this story when I was younger. I’m sure this picture reminds you something ! Gulliver’s Travels appears for the first time in French under the title of Voyages du capitaine Lemuel Gulliver. Through this fiction, Jonathan Swift makes a satire of the society of his time. In fact, in this novel, he makes fun of the English society in which he belonged. This nivel, written in the firt person, is divided into four parts. In fact, there are as many parts as Gulliver’s travels. My favorite of them is the Journey to Lilliput, and I think it’s also the most famous.

Lemuel Gulliver is a naval surgeon. After a shipwreck, he finds himself on the island of Lilliput. He is chained and driven in this state further on the island. He discovers the inhabitants of the island, the Lilliputians who are tiny creatures. On Lilliput’s island, the reader discovers a much more advanced society than England at Swift’s time. However, there is a war between the Lilliputians and the inhabitants of the neighboring island, Blefuscu. The reason of this war is absurd : the king of Blefuscu’s island wants to impose the side they must break a boiled egg. This passage is fun and denounces the absurdity of war. In his second travel, Gulliver is faced with the opposite situation: people of Brobdingnag are giants. Because of his small size, Gulliver becomes an object of curiosity for the king, the queen and the court. The last two Gulliver’s travels are not really known.

Gulliver, a brave explorer, discovers on the occasion of his maritime expeditions, strange and fascinating people. Swift talks about the problems of the society of his time, symbolically, through the various characters who appear throughout the story, and through situations where he places his hero, Gulliver. Whenever Gulliver returned to England, is to leave the country as soon as possible and go sailing on the seas.

Gulliver’s Travels refer to imagination and dreams through descritpions of imaginary countries. That’s why they are often read to children as real fairy tales. This story continues to fascinate and seduce readers. There are many adaptations of this novel (cinema, theater, comics…).

Giu-Pin illustrated a comic based on Gulliver’s travels but he has also illustrated a version of Robinson Crusoe, another voyage story, written by Daniel Defoe.

Robinson crusoë. illustré par giu-pin

 

 

Mark Twain

His real name is Samuel Langhorne Clemens. He was born in november 1835 in the USA and died in april 1910. In was first a military and then become an writer. He is famous thanks to The adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876 and the adventures of Hucleberry Finn (worked in english litterature lesson) in 1885. The latter is often called « The Great American Novel ».

He worked on the Mississippi thats why he choosed the name « Mark Twain » : this is a speech of the marines.

He traveled in Europe and began to write in 1864 but he became famous in 1876.

Through his novel he tried to denounce exes of the civilization and immorality. He is often compared to Stevenson and Dickens.

Who’s Tom Sawyer ?

Tom Sawyer is a fictional character invented by Mark Twain in 1876. The Autor talk about him in « The Adventures of Tom Sawyer  » and in other books too as in  » The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn  » what we have began to read in class.

His story : Tom is orphan . Mark Twain invented him in memory of his childhoods friend. Tom Sawyer is generous , courageous , free ans anticonformist. Withs Tom’s character autor criticized American Society .

Everyone think Tom is an symbol of freedom because hewas an rebel.

But Twain decide to stop written his history because he’s become arrogant. But he continued to written about Huck , Tom’s friend. Contrary Tom who’s imagine his adventures as an child, Huck lives  and support reality of life.

The journey and Kerouac

I would like to talk about a suject I’m crazy about. The journey. The journey is a way to escape from reality and discover a new way of life. We can just go for a while, such as during our holidays, or all year long. It’s a mean to search oneself and to learn more about our society and other isolated society. I particularly apreciate the road-trip because I hit the road all day and stop when I want, eat where I want and sleep in my car, meet people and talk with them, in fact it’s the perfection of freedom. One day I would like to make a road-trip, with my friend, during a year, through the USA.

Maybe I’m inspired by the famous writer of 50’s, Jack Kerouac. He wrote the book « On The Road » and some others like « The Dharma Bums », « Big Sur », « The Town and the City »… He made part of the Beat Generation which is an artistic movement of the 1950’s. They all travelled around the USA and in Mexico too. They were born during the age of the rock’n’roll and also listened a lot of jazz music. All their works of art are rythmed by music and journeys. In fact they all created some books, poems, musics to share their point of view of the begining of the consumer society. Moreover, Jack Kerouac has travelled to search himself and make his own vision of life, love, freindship and family.

I advise you to read « On the Road » and to read also Allen Ginsberg, a famous poet and friend of Jack Kerouac. There is an adaptation of On the Road by Walter Salles, it’s a good movie, enjoy it ! 🙂

Robinson Crusoe

I have choosen to talk about the famous novel named Robinson Crusoe because this novel is to my mind ( and as we mentioned it in class) the original model for Voyage and Return Stories.

Robinson Crusoe is an adventure novel by Daniel Defoe and published on 25 april 1719. The full title of the novel is The life and the strange and surprising adventures of Robinson Crusoe.

Robinson Crusoe is a fictional character created by Daniel Defoe. He was born in York in England in 1632. But he leaved York in 1651 to navigate against the wishes of his parents. His ship was arrested by the pirates Sallee Rovers and Crusoe became a slave of a Moors. He succeed to escape thanks to a portuguese ship.

In 1659, he joins an expedition in search of African slaves. But in the wake of a storm he is wrecked in an island near the mouth of the Orinoco river. He is the only survivor. In his new life, he builds, cultivates, manufactures, read the Bible but he also raises goats. Only the company of men missing.

The island is named « Despair Island » and it receives the visit of cannibals who come to kill and eat their prisoners. Crusoe wants to exterminate them but they don’t know that their acts are criminals. He dreams of having one or two servants. One of them succeed to escape to the prison. Crusoe and him become friends and he decides to name his new friend « Friday ». He teaches to him English and converts to Christianity.

28 years after, an English ship arrives and a timer just burst; the rebels aim to abandon the captain in this Island. But the captain and Crusoe manage to take back the ship and return in England with Friday who stay a devoted servant. He becomes rich thanks to his plantation, then he travels in France and finally he returns in England.

Treasure Island

Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson is a british novel published in 1883. This novel are intended for children but is interesting because it reminds the voyage and return stories, but this novel is qualified like a coming of age story.

the plot is very simple Jim the main character is a young boy (15-17 years old) and he lives in a inn. One day a pirate at inn receives an black spot, and among pirate it means that it will soon die. After few days the pirate dies and Jim with his mother find a key on the pirate’s body. in his bedroom they find a safe. Inside the safe there a map which shows a treasure island. And Jim decided to go on the ship at the search of the treasure.