PRESENT SIMPLE & BE + VING (ou present continu)

LE PRESENT SIMPLE BE + VING
S + BV (+s à la 3e personne du singulier)
I work
You work
He / she / it works
We work
You work
They work

S + DO NOT (DON'T)/DOES NOT (DOES'NT) + BV
I do not work
You do not work
He / she / it does not work
We do not work
You do not work
They do not work

DO/DOES + S + BV?
Do I work?
Do you work?
Does he / she / it work?
Do we work?
Do you work?
Do they work?
S + BE conjugué + BVing
I am working
You are working
He/she/it is working
We are working
You are working
They are working

S + BE conjugué + NOT + BVing
I am not working
You are not working
He/she/it is not working
We are not working
You are not working
They are not working

BE conjugué + S+ BVing?
Am I working?
Are you working?
Is he/she/it working?
Are we working?
Are you working?
Are they working?

On utilser le présent simple pour parler d'actions habituelles et de vérités générales

ex: I play squash on Thursdays (habitude)
    the earth goes round the sun (vérité générale)

On l'utilise aussi normalement pour les  verbes d'état:
ex: I think that English is a great language!
     Do you see that man in the back?

On utilise le présent BE+Ving pour parler d'une action en train de se dérouler au moment où on parle, ou pendant la période actuelle.

ex: Look! It's raining!
     What are you doing? I'm watching TV.
     I'm playing a lot of tennis at the moment.

Comparez:

Water boils at 100°C                                 The water's boiling. I'll make tea.
It often snows in January                           Look outside! It's snowing!
I work in a bank                                      Are you working now?

Let's practise! Exercises


homepage - grammaire - méthodologie - civilisation - sites favoris - travaux d'élèves - espace de travail - fun stuff
contact: paulinegiroud*yahoo.fr (remplacer * par @)