EXERCICES DE LANGUE A DESTINATION DES HISTORIENS

1 Adverbs. Here is a list of adverbs that you should read before you work on the exercise below. Comparatively – relatively – especially – particularly – specially – somewhat – considerably – primarily – mostly – largely – directly – approximately – frequently – rarely – seldom – eventually – ultimately  – essentially – explicitly – generally – implicitly – basically

 

Change the sentences using advers that mean the opposite of the italicised ones :

There were roughly 350 people living in the village by the mid 1850s.

Parents seldom complained that their children worked in mines.

The surveyors initially found some errors in the calculations.

The temperature was exactly half a degree lower than the average.

Singh is explicitly condemning the theories of economic growth.

Soil erosion is specifically caused by water or wind.

Senior citizens almost always use the internet.

This new flooding is directly linked to environmental factors.

 

Translate the following paragraph into French :

Marine conservationists are currently attempting to save the world’s coral reefs. One plan is to literally glue the damaged reefs back together, using coral artificially raised in underwater labs. Reefs are increasingly under attack from human activity as well as frome vents occuring naturally, such as hurricanes or tsunamis. A recent UN report warns that 30% of the world’s coral reefs have been completely destroyed or are severly damaged.

 

2 Phrasal verbs : replace the verbs in italics using one of the phrasal verbs listed below :

Go back over – carry out  -work out – write up – go on to – set up –  point up – be made up of – put forward – point out – be made up of – point up – set out – go into – go through

 

A survey was conducted in England to test this hypothesis.

Before your exam you should revise all the texts included in the workbook.

The team came to a conclusion about the consequences of climate change.

The author discusses the reason why there were so many poor in England.

The historian presents a fascinating portrait of Henry VIII.

The Tudors arranged a poor relief system that was to last very long.

The essayist observed that i twas quite unusual for women to be knowledgeable.

This article aims to prove that the enclosures were beneficial.

Women constitued about 40% of the entire population.

Feudal society was composed of clearly defined classes of people.

He was to first to stress the importance of religious tolerance.

 

3 Fill in the blanks with one of the adjectives below (there can be several correct

answers).

VALUABLE PERSONAL CONSTANT CLOSE FREQUENT CONSIDERABLE HEATED INTENSE ANIMATED CRUCIAL PIVOTAL SEMINAL DECISIVE FUNDAMENTAL CONFLICTING CONTRASTING SUFFICIENT COMMON ISOLATED RECENT UNEXPECTED UNIVERSAL WIDESPREAD UNFORESEEN ABSOLUTE BROAD EFFICIENT FAIR PROPER CONVENIENT ACCEPTABLE MAJOR SIGNIFICANT COMMON

 

There is …………………….evidence that the peace process is stalled.

He provided ………………….information as to the position of the army.

His book on cloning was indeed ……………………

There is …………………….concern over the environmental cost of nuclear energy.

The forthcoming elections will be a ……………….moment in American history.

His being nomminated was absolutely ……………………….

The speakers gave …………………..views over the democratising process.

The death of the president had a ………………….impact on the conference.

The hurricane provoked ……………………..misery among the population.

A …………………..proportion of voters turned out.

The plan he set up for the rescue of the soldiers seems quite ……………………….

A ……………………survey found out that men are more often laid out than women.

A …………………….way to wipe out segregation would be to give everyone …………………..wages.

His speech was …………………..in implementing the international deal.

There were …………………..changes in the handling of economic crisis in the 1970s.

The ………………….differences between the countries have not been curtailed yet.

He’s spent a ………………………….amount of time working out a …………………………solution.

 

4 Match the beginning of each sentence with the most appropriate ending :

 

The conclusions are fair in                                          some ways it was sheer luck

Dr Carr’s team got the grant, in                                               conjunction with an American project

We had little money to spare; in                             comparison with the other articles

We need people’s personal data, in                      spite of being the smallest team to apply

We made an important discovery; in                     most respects, though some are questionable

This latest paper is quite short in                             other words, we were underfunded

The Indian study was carried out in                        particular their parents’ history of illness.          

 

5 Put these verbs in the right column : account – depart – argue – dispose – disagree – equip – associate – deal – exclude – provide – benefit – react – consent – refer – blame – discuss – pledge

 

+ for + from + of + to + with
 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

6 Correct the sentences hereafter. All of them have errors connected with prepositions.

 

The text can be divided in five different parts.

This historian has constantly been exposed for criticism on the grounds of his nationalistic biais.

Poverty coupled to unemployment accounts at the poverty rate in Elizabethan England.

The kingdom emerged out of the war a much weaker country.

They tried to convince the government to the necessity of a poor law.

Politicians still quarrel with the final impact of the Poor Law scheme.

The author should empahsize on the role of women in British politics.

The whole group eventually agreed for meet in a week’s time.

 

7 Fill in the blanks with the appropriate preposition :

 

The attempt …………integration of minority groups in American University was a dismal failure.

The article offers an analysis ………………urban growth in the 17th century.

The first investigation …………….the causes of epidemics date …………….to the early 1810s.

A new book ……………..women’s role in society has recently been published.

One difficulty ……………the interpretation of statistics is the synthesis of individual features.

There are major differences ………………..men and women ………………..wages.

His approach ……………the issue was biased.

This scheme was conceived as a means …………………improving people’s living standard.

We all hope ……………new progress …………………..the preservation of natural species.

The assumption ………………..this analysis is that the poor are idle.

There is a tight relationship …………….the two figures.

An new inquiry ……………..people’s reading habits reveals a new upsurge in the printed media.

…………………the whole, the gender gap tends to widen.

………………… a rule, male were better educated than women.

If you think ……………terms of culture, the Elizabethan Age was a golden one.

You should analyse the situation more thoroughly and go ……………..more details.

 

8 Rewrite the sentences using nouns instead of the verbs in bold letters.

 

Malthus contended that population growth caused poverty.

The author states that the Great exhibition was an imperial endeavour.

The report implies that the government is responsible for the decline in wealth of country.

Scientists demonstrated that the steam machine could be efficient in many ways.

He emphasizes the role of a damp climate in the development the industrial revolution.

Wilson describes the working conditions of the pitmen in great details.

The Royal Engineer working there argued that workers were offered decent lodgings.

The owner asserted that working conditions were good.

Scientists and industrialists proved that child labour was beneficial.

 

9 Correct the mistakes in this conclusion to the analysis of a text dealing with the Industrial Revolution.

 

In a conclusion, I would like to resume the main arguments put on by the author. He firstly provides us a résumé of the historic situation. Then he recapitulates the causes of the revolution and stresses on technical progress. Last he draws the conclusion of his analysis. The overalls’ aim of the text is to show that Britain was the leading country in terms of natural resources and scientifics knowledge. In bringing my study to a closing I hope I have shown that there were other factors that account to the Industrial Revolution, as the labour force by example. To put it briefly, the author fails at give us a balanced analysis of the historic development of the economy at this time.

 

10 Use the words below to fill in the text.

appallingly complexities range to so throughout up  how strong result(vb) comparison claims consideration enabled glimpse

The novel Hard Times by Charles Dickens offers a ………………. into the life and times during the industrial revolution in England during the nineteenth century. Dickens offers a wide …………. of characters from the upper class factory owner to the lowest class factory workers. He creates characters in this range of social classes and crafts this story that intertwines each person and their transformations ……………… the novel. Almost every character in this story is complex and has characteristics that run deeper than their place in society, and this is what makes the novel ……………….. very important and intense. While there are many ……………… linked to these characters, some do not appear to be as complex but in actuality they are. A ……………. example would be Josiah Bounderby, the wealthiest character in the novel. Mr. Bounderby is a factory and bank owner in Coketown, the industrial town in which the novel is set. He ………………. that he didn’t come from a wealthy family and that he deserves his wealth :  the trials and hard times that he went through …………….. him to get to where he is now. Bounderby ended ………….. being pitied by the reader not because of the rough childhood he claimed ……….. have had, but because everything he tried to believe backfired and left him a wealthy, emotionless, and lonely character. His wife Louisa was an object of this tactlessness more than once. In the end all that mattered was the products made and the conditions of the workers were not even taken into ……………… Although the industrial revolution did …………. in much wealth for some, it was also an emotionless and lonely time. His wealth and business was priority and the drive in his life. Factories treated their workers …………. and even children were forced to work extremely long days just to create this product. A …………… is made between Bounderby and the industrial revolution. The industrial revolution was also driven by the same forces and was also blindfolded by desires to make profit. Another comparison that can be made was …………… insensitive the industrial revolution was.