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A2-B1 Thanksgiving

 

Thanksgiving Dinner: What was On The Menu?


What did the Pilgrims eat at the very first Thanksgiving in the year 1621?
Was it pumpkin pie and stuffed turkey? No, it wasn’t!

The Pilgrims definitely ate at Thanksgiving
We do know certain Thanksgiving dinner items from a letter that a Pilgrim man named Edward
Winslow wrote in 1621.
Wheat, corn, and barley – but no peas
“Our corn did prove well, and God be praised, we had a good increase of Indian corn, and our
barley indifferent good, but our peas not worth the gathering”
*Note: to the Pilgrims, “corn” is what we call “wheat”.
To the Pilgrims, “Indian corn” is what we call “corn”
Waterfowl (ducks and geese)
“ Our harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling”
Deer meat
“…king Massasoit, with some ninety men, whom for three days we entertained and feasted, and
they went out and killed fi ve deer, which they brought to the plantation and bestowed on our
governor”
Things we think the Pilgrims probably ate at Thanksgiving
We know from records of Mayfl ower Pilgrims certain things that were native to Plymouth or
that they grew in their colony.
Seafood ( fi sh, lobster, eels, clams, mussels)
Nuts (walnuts, chestnuts, acorns)

The Original Thanksgiving


Many cultures all over the world hold festivals or ceremonies to celebrate the fall harvest. But
Thanksgiving was a real event in America in 1621 – that’s almost 400 years ago!
The Pilgrims fi rst came to North America on the ship The Mayfl ower in 1620, landing
in what is now Massachusetts. Taking such a long journey to such a cold climate was hard on
their health, and almost half of those first Pilgrims died of scurvy and pneumonia.

Because the Pilgrims brought germs from Europe that were unknown in the New World,hundreds of Native Americans also got sick and died.

Times were very tough.

The Pilgrims might not have survived if they had not met one
person who changed American history:

the Native American Tisquantum,known to us as Squanto.


Squanto had a lot happen to him in life. As a youth, Squanto was kidnapped by English
merchants who were exploring the New World. They took him to England, where he learned
English and was used as an interpreter and guide in North America by the Plymouth Company.
While he was back in the New World he was kidnapped again by an English trader.

He was shipped to Spain to be sold as a slave, but was taken in by some Spanish friars. Squanto
sailed back to America only to discover that every single person in his tribe had died of plague.
He lived in another Wampanoag village until he heard the Pilgrims had landed.


The first Thanksgiving


The Pilgrims were in danger of starving. Squanto taught them how to fertilize and grow
corn and barley, and where to fi sh. In the fall, the harvest was plentiful. The Pilgrims elected a
governor named William Bradford who proclaimed a day of thanksgiving for the bounty.
Hunters from the colony brought geese and ducks (what, no turkey?).

Fish, lobster,clams, dried fruit and corn were also on the menu.

The Pilgrims invited the Wampanoag chief!

 

Poem 1
T’was the night of Thanksgiving,
But I just couldn’t sleep.
I tried counting backwards,
I tried counting sheep.
The leftovers beckoned,
The dark meat and white.
But I fought the temptation,
With all of my might.
Tossing and turning,
with anticipation.
The thought of a snack
became infatuation.
So I raced to the kitchen,
Flung open the door,
And gazed at the fridge,
Full of goodies galore.
I gobbled up turkey,
And buttered potatoes,
Pickles and carrots,
Beans and tomatoes.
I felt myself swelling,
So plump and so round.
‘til all of a sudden,
I rose off the ground.
I crashed through the ceiling,
Floating into the sky,
With a mouthful of pudding,
And a handful of pie.
But I managed to yell
As I soared past the trees
Happy eating to all,
Pass the cranberries, please!!
May your stuffing be tasty
May your turkey be plump.
May your potatoes and gravy
Have nary a lump.
May your yams be delicious,
May your pies take the prize
And May your Thanksgiving dinner
Stay off of your thighs!
by Lauren
——————————————————————————
Poem 2
T is for the trust the pilgrims had so many years ago
H is for the harvest the settlers learnt to grow
A is for America, the land in which we live
N is for nature and beauty which she gives
K is for kindness, gentle words, thoughtful deeds
S is for smiles, the sunshine everyone needs
G is for gratitude… our blessings big and small
I is for ideas, letting wisdom grow tall
V is for voices, singing, laughing, always caring
I is for Indians, who taught them about sharing
N is for neighbors, across the street, over the sea
G is for giving of myself to make a better me
by Judith.A. Lindberg
————————— —————————————————

Poem 3
A Thanksgiving Poem.
The tear another’s tears bring forth,
The sigh which answers sigh,
The pulse that beats at other’s woes,
E’en though our own be nigh,

A balm to bathe the wounded heart
Where sorrow’s hand hath lain,
The link divine from soul to soul
That makes us one in pain,

Sweet sympathy, benignant ray,
Light of the soul doth shine;
In it is human nature givin
A touch of the divine.
Unknown

——————————————————————————

Poem 4
The Little Pilgrim
Cranberries dripping down my chin
Have stained my pilgrim suit.
I ate too much Thanksgiving day
But I don’t give a hoot.

I slurped a pile of dressing,
Gobbled down a turkey thigh,
Dribbled messy cranberries
Devoured some pumpkin pie.

Within me on this special day
It’s a thankful heart that beats.
For all the things that I enjoy
But mainly for the eats.
Unknown

——————————————————————————

Poem 5
Thankful
Week before Thanksgiving,
I limp around real strange.
Huddle in the corner,
As though I have the mange.
All the other turkeys,
Just gobble, gobble on.
I’m silent, and I act
As if my gobbler’s gone. Everyone is thankful
On Thanksgiving Day.
Friday it’s forgotten.
You all go on your way.
I know what thankful is
So listen when I say.
“It’s great to be a turkey,
After Thanksgiving Day.”
Unknown

——————————————————————————

Poem 6
The Pilgrims Came
The Pilgrims came across the sea,
And never thought of you and me;
And yet it’s very strange the way
We think of them Thanksgiving Day.
We tell their story old and true
Of how they sailed across the blue,
And found a new land to be free
And built their homes quite near the sea.
The people think that they were sad,
And grave; I’m sure that they were glad –
They made Thanksgiving Day – that’s fun –
We thank the Pilgrims every one!
by Annette Wynne
——————————————————————————

Poem 7
It’s That Time, Again
The days are getting shorter now.
I feel a snow flake on my brow.
The leaves are crackling as I run,
The squirrels’ searching almost done.
The turkey’s restless in the pen,
Oh! No! I see my breath again!
It makes a person take a pause
And think about old Santa Claus!!!
Unknown
——————————————————————————

Poem 8
The Pilgrims
In the year of 1620
on a cold Decembre day
a hundred and two pilgrims
sailed into Plymouth Bay.
Still wary from their voyage –
still gacing winter’s chill –
they kept their sights on freedom
with courage, work, and will.
Pilgrims did not stop to think
of riches, fame, or glory
while bravely playing starring roles
in our new nation’s story
by Bobbi Katz
——————————————————————————

Poem 9
Thanksgiving Time
When all the leaves are off the boughs,
And nuts and apples gathered in,
And cornstalks waiting for the cows,
And pumpkins safe in barn and bin,
Then Mother says, “My children dear,
The fields are brown, and autumn flies;
Thanksgiving Day is very near,
And we must make thanksgiving pies!”
Author Unknown.
——————————————————————————

Poem 10
Thanksgiving
The year has turned its circle,
The seasons come and go.
The harvest all is gathered in
And chilly north winds blow.

Orchards have shared their treasures,
The fields, their yellow grain,
So open wide the doorway —
Thanksgiving comes again!
Old Rhyme.
——————————————————————————

Poem 11
The First Thanksgiving
When the Pilgrims
first gathered together to share
with their Indian friends
in the mild autumn air,
they lifted the voices
in jubilant praise
for the bread on the table,
the berries and maize,
for field and for forest,
for turkey and deer,
for the bountiful crops
they were blessed with that year.
They were thankful for these
as they feasted away,
and as they were thankful
we’re thankful today.
Unknown

——————————————————————————

Poem 12
Giving Thanks
For the hay and the corn and the wheat that is reaped,
For the labor well done, and the barns that are heaped,
For the sun and the dew and the sweet honeycomb,
For the rose and the song and the harvest brought home —
Thanksgiving! Thanksgiving!

For the trade and the skill and the wealth in our land,
For the cunning and strength of the workingman’s hand,
For the good that our artists and poets have taught,
For the friendship that hope and affection have brought —
Thanksgiving! Thanksgiving!

For the homes that with purest affection are blest,
For the season of plenty and well-deserved rest,
For our country extending from sea unto sea;
The land that is known as the “Land of the Free” —
Thanksgiving! Thanksgiving!
Author Unknown

 

A Thanksgiving Treasure Hunt
1
When and where is Thanksgiving Day celebrated?
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/crafts/thanksgiving/
________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
What nationality were the first settlers (now called the Pilgrim Fathers) on the
American East coast?
http://www.themayflowersociety.com/history.htm
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
What was the name of the Pilgrim Fathers’ boat?
http://www.saburchill.com/history/chapters/empires/0008.html
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Where did the Pilgrims start their voyage and where did they arrive?
http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/pilgrims1.htm
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
When did they start their voyage and when did they arrive?
http://teacher.scholastic.com/thanksgiving/pictimeline/sep1620.htm
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Look up the word harvest in the dictionary and write a sentence to say what they
harvest in your region.
http://www.m-w.com/
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Student worksheet. Name:
Form:
A Thanksgiving Treasure Hunt
2
The Wampanoag were the first Indian people that the Pilgrim Fathers met. What
does the name of the tribe mean?
http://www.plimoth.org/learn/education/kids/homeworkHelp/wampanoag.asp
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Today, Indians prefer to be called “—— Americans”.
http://www.nativeamericans.com/
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
What does Thanksgiving Day commemorate, and what do people do on that day?
http://www.thanksgiving-traditions.com/
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
What food do people have for Thanksgiving, nowadays?
http://www.recipegoldmine.com/holidayThanks/Thanks.html
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Thanksgiving is composed of two words. Write them down. In your opinion, what
does the word “thanksgiving” mean?
http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=thanksgiving&x=0&y=0
_________________________________________________________ _____

2012 Election and President Obama ‘s speech + Florida’s ballot

http://www.lemonde.fr/elections-americaines/video/2012/11/09/obama-au-bord-des-larmes-devant-les-volontaires-de-sa-campagne_1788218_829254.html

President Obama speaking after 2012 election results abridged version

florida_ballot_gilchristcounty 2012

Le prétérit et la Maison Blanche

The White House, Washington
Good morning,

Six months ago, Gail O’Brien didn’t know whether or not she would be able to treat her cancer.  Betsy Burton wasn’t sure if she could afford to keep paying the skyrocketing premiums for her employees’ health insurance. Paul Horne was struggling to make ends meet after his prescription drug coverage hit the “donut hole.”

The thing about these stories is that they could happen to anybody.  Millions of Americans — maybe even you or someone you know — have been struggling for years with our broken health care system.  These stories are what inspired me to fight for the Affordable Care Act and made me so proud to sign this landmark legislation into law six months ago.

Every day, I hear from Americans like Gail, Betsy and Paul, and a few of these folks have stepped forward to bravely share their stories with the entire country. Take a minute to hear what they have to say:

50 States/50 Stories. Listen Now

The Affordable Care Act is already making a difference in the lives of millions of Americans.  And starting tomorrow, the Patient’s Bill of Rights goes into effect, ending some of the worst abuses of the insurance industry and putting you, not your insurance company, in control of your health care.

Here’s what the Patient’s Bill of Rights means for you:

  • No more discrimination against kids with pre-existing conditions. Insurance companies can no longer bar families from purchasing coverage because of a child’s pre-existing condition.
  • No more lifetime coverage limits. Insurance companies can no longer put a lifetime limit on the amount of coverage you can receive.
  • Young adults can now stay on their parent’s plan. Young adults can stay on their parent’s health insurance plan up to age 26 if their job doesn’t provide health care benefits — a huge relief for many parents and recent college graduates.
  • Free preventive care. If you join or purchase a new plan, the insurance company will be required to provide preventive care like mammograms, colonoscopies, immunizations, pre-natal and baby care without charging you any out of pocket costs.
  • Freedom to choose your own doctor. If you purchase or join a new plan, you have the right to choose your own doctor in your insurer network.
  • No more restrictions on emergency room care. Insurance companies will not be allowed to charge you more for out of network emergency services if you purchase or join a new a plan.

This is a long-overdue victory for American consumers and patients.  For years, millions of Americans have been at the mercy of their insurance companies as they jacked up rates, denied coverage or dropped patients all together.

Now, some opponents of this reform have pledged to “repeal and replace” all of the progress we’ve made over the past six months.  But I refuse to go back to the days when insurance companies could deny a child health care due to a pre-existing condition or impose a lifetime limit on care for a cancer patient.  Those days are over.

The Affordable Care Act provides basic rules of the road that make our health care system work for consumers.  It cuts costs and will help us begin to get our fiscal house in order.  And most importantly, it provides Americans with the peace of mind that their insurance will be there for them when they need it.

To learn more about the Patient’s Bill of Rights and the Affordable Care Act, visit:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/healthreform

Sincerely,

President Barack Obama

P.S. Last week, I surprised Gail O’Brien by calling her at home.  You can see what happened here:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/healthreform

Protest Painting – Art Engagé

http://www.robbieconal.com/posters.html

http://www.barbarakruger.com/art.shtml

Barbara Kruger  éclate les supports et dérange.
http://www.guerrillagirls.com/

E-thanks to Christian Robert for links;-)!

A2-B1-B2 Edward Hopper

Hopper 1powerpoint


"If I could say

it in words,

I wouldn't need

to paint"


video clips: copy and paste!

http://americanart.si.edu/education/resources/guides/index.cfm

 

NGA New York curator speaks about Edward Hopper's paintings

Boys and girls meet:

a gorgeous adult Persian cat and a lovely German sheepherd
puppy - they're going to get on like a house on fire.
http://www.everydaycitizen.com/2008/02/norman_rockwell_and_the_civil.html
several Rockwell's illustrations:
http://www.nrm.org/pdfs/family-guide.pdf

It is  true or false ?

The atmosphere:

calm and quiet

disturbing  and disquieting

peaceful and relaxing

noisy with a lot of people walking and doing their shopping

It gives an impression of quietness and accomplishment

It conveys a  strange feeling that something unpleasant is going to happen

It conveys the feeling that something pleasant will take place

Which adjectives ?

sad- romantic- gothic- realisitc- modern- everyday America  or Grand America

Which words?

romanticism- realism-modernism- gothicism

What are the artist's favourite scenes?

Choose two answers:

- busy streets    or empty streets

-daylight  in the early morning or  at night

-urban scenes  -  everyday America or  Grand America

-people interact with each other  (talk and chat)  

people are indifferent and do not care about each other

-people look at various directions

-colourful   or     sad    scenes

-people on their own (seuls) or  people with friends

-towns,  cities  or seascapes and landscapes

-loneliness and isolation

-lonely and isolated

 

On the one hand,

On the other hand,

It is up to the viewer to decide !

The viewer is considered as a free person to judge and make his own picture of the scene

The artist  is very respectful of the viewers as he does NOT impose his own viewpoint

The viewers are free to invent their own world

they can choose between  positive and negative feelings,

between loneliness and isolation


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